Empire Files: Why America? Mass Shootings & White Nationalism Share Roots

Since October 2017, America experienced three of the deadliest mass shootings in modern history. This epidemic coincides with a frightening resurgence of white nationalism. Sometimes the two trends overlap.

But why here? Both phenomena can be explained by a common historical thread—to unravel it Abby Martin sits down with indigenous scholar Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz to discuss her latest book “Loaded: A Disarming History of the Second Amendment”.

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War Machine Makes a Killing in 2018

September marked the end of the fiscal year, a time when the Pentagon ramps up its spending spree.

The U.S. Department of Defense spent at least $68,624,394,000 on 689 individual contracts during September 2018. This amount does not include 35 Foreign Military Sales transactions worth $2,065,896,000.

War is a racket. Here are the corporations making a killing.

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES (FMS)Through FMS, the U.S. government procures and transfers materiel to allied nations and international organizations.

AeroVironment received $8,868,341 for FMS (Estonia): RQ-20B Puma AE II.

American Ordnance received $56,883,137 for FMS (Austria and Lebanon): 155mm HE projectile M795 TNT.

Antenna Associates Inc. received $12,735,759 for Band III semi-omni antennas in support of the AN/SLQ-32(V) Electronic Countermeasure Warfare System, which provides surveillance, warning, and countermeasures against missiles. 40% of this deal is FMS (Egypt, Poland, Taiwan).

BAE Systems received $28,900,000 for FMS to Japan (68%); Australia (22%); South Korea (6%); Netherlands (4%): MK 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) MK 13 MOD 0 canisters and coding plugs for SM-2. Canisters provide rocket motor exhaust gas containment and a launch rail during missile firing. Canisters also serve as missile shipping and storage containers.

Bethel Industries received roughly $34,907,000 for coats for the Afghan National Army.

Colt received $57,722,819 for FMS (Jordan, Morocco, Afghanistan, Senegal, Tunisia, Pakistan): up to 10,000 additional M4 and M4A1 5.56mm carbines.

General Dynamics received $44,353,964 for FMS (Afghanistan, Nigeria, Australia, Lebanon, Philippines) Hydra rockets.

General Electric received $58,569,065 for FMS (Saudi Arabia): sustainment of Saudi F-15SA. Provides F110-129 engine consumables, spares, war-readiness spare kits, and support equipment.

Lockheed Martin received $59,941,683 for USA and FMS (U.K., Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea): modernized-radar frequency interferometers, spares, sustainment hardware, and associated support functions.

Lockheed Martin received $28,741,847 FMS (Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, UAE): field service representative support for UH-60 helicopters.

Navistar Defense received $31,437,478 and received $22,103,643 for FMS (Iraq): 4×4 and 6×6 trucks.

Northrop Grumman (Orbital ATK) received $12,072,734 for Common Munitions Built-In Test Reprogramming Equipment test sets; ADU-891(V)1/E and V(3)/E adaptor units; spares; and spares for USA, Morocco, Belgium, Australia, Japan, and Oman.

Raytheon received $1,528,780,740 for FMS (Poland): PATRIOT systems.

Raytheon received $59,104,375 for FMS (UAE): radar sustainment and/or logistics support, spares, repair and return services, training, technical and engineering services, and logistics readiness support.  Raytheon received $13,579,174 for FMS (UAE, Australia, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Thailand): ARC-231 hardware.

Raytheon received $8,932,665 for FMS (Jordan) for repair and return of Integrated Fire Control System.

Universal Propulsion Co. received $10,688,524 for sequencers used in ejection seats on some aircraft. Involves FMS to Oman, Portugal, Poland, Bahrain, Romania, Denmark, Singapore, Greece, Egypt, South Korea, Netherlands, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan.

UNINHABITED VEHICLES & CRAFT

Aretè Associates Inc. received $40,378,366 for coastal battlefield reconnaissance & analysis (COBRA) AN/DVS-1 systems, program support, and item orders / spares for COBRA Block 1 System.

General Atomics received $50,000- $15,000,000 for integration and testing support for Medium Altitude, Long Endurance Tactical (MALET) MQ-9 and MQ-1C SOF-peculiar modifications. Includes procurement of aircraft kits and analysis & studies to inform future MALET decisions / modifications.

General Atomics received $15,796,523 for MQ-1C Gray Eagle extended range aircraft unique initial spares and ground support equipment. General Atomics received $441,634,278 for technical services for MQ-1C.

General Atomics received $92,203,130 for MQ-9 FY2018 Block 30 Ground Control Station (GCS) retrofits (MD-1A Block 15 to MD-1A Block 30).

Leidos Inc. received $9,805,063 and received $9,805,063 to complete the integration, testing, qualification of the RQ-7B Shadow Assured Positioning, Navigation, & Timing program at Redstone Arsenal, AL. L3 Technologies received $9,054,373 for RQ-7B Shadow spares. Rockwell Collins received $14,986,216 for Airborne Computer Equipment V Architecture Zero equipment for the RQ-7B Shadow.

L3 received $8,082,879 for Sensor Operator Fidelity Improvements IV. L3 received $7,209,803 for Block 30 Phase 3 Hardware effort on Predator Mission Aircrew Training System (PMATS).

L3 received $8,514,907 for R&D to design, test and build high gain antenna (HGA) common data link (CDL) engineering development models and production HGA/CDL for Maritime Patrol & Reconnaissance Aircraft (PMA-290) and Persistent Maritime Unmanned Aircraft Systems (PMA-262).

Northrop Grumman received $11,900,000 for continuing operations & maintenance efforts in support of Broad Area Maritime Surveillance – Demonstrator Program (BAMS-D).

Northrop Grumman received $14,105,649 for Identification Friend or Foe Mode 5 for the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node (BACN) platform fleet. Northrop Grumman received $15,156,662 for operational systems. Northrop Grumman received $80,228,674 for military GPS in support of BACN fleet.

Northrop Grumman received $14,243,026 for reconstitution and rehabilitation of 10 ground-control station shelters, Sierra Vista, AZ.

Northrop Grumman received $64,800,000 for MQ-4C Triton Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS) LRIP 3 initial spares maintenance. L3 Technologies received $7,736,715 and received $11,370,507 for Triton spare parts for U.S. Navy.

Raytheon received $10,688,510 for MQ-8 tactical control system 2016 Linux cyber baseline implementation of build 9 software release. Telephonics Corp. received $23,523,298 for AN/ZPY-4 Radar supplies (radar sets, antenna pedestals, transmitters, etc.) for MQ-8B Fire Scout for U.S. Navy.

Six corporations will compete for $49,999,976 for Autonomous Unmanned Systems Teaming and Collaboration in GPS-Denied Environments Program.

COUNTER-UAS

Syracuse Research Corp. received $25,720,017 for logistics and engineering support of deployed systems and for continued development, production, integration, spares, delivery, deployment and logistics support for the Low-Slow-Small UAS Integrated Defeat System.

RECRUITMENT & RETENTION – The Pentagon spends hundreds of millions of dollars each year to convince U.S. citizens to fight in elective wars.

Blue Skies Furniture LLC received $11,364,203 for branded furniture in support of Marine Corps Recruiting.

USAFRICOM

URS Group received $12,278,673 for “global contingency construction,” specifically runway repairs at Camp Baledogle, Somalia.

USCENTCOM

ACC Construction Co. received $29,856,621 for Access Control Point at Fort Gordon, GA. Gilbane Federal received $23,008,511 to repair Allen Hall (Building 29813) in Fort Gordon, GA. Gilbane Federal received $12,255,392 to build automation-aided instructional building, Fort Gordon, GA. Leebcor Services LLC received $12,710,399 to build a Naval Operational Support Center (NOSC), serving as the Navy Reserve headquarters, training, operations, medical service center, and gathering location at Fort Gordon. I put this group of contracts in the CENTCOM category because a good chunk of Fort Gordon’s SIGINT work focuses on the Middle East.

Black Construction MACE International JV (Barrigada, Guam) received $13,152,622 to repair Transmitter Building, Facility 601, Naval Support Facility, Diego Garcia.

Iron Bow Technologies received $8,083,310 for Cisco networking software, licenses and equipment for 408th Combat Support Battalion, Qatar.

JM Ship received $10,192,260 to transport dry cargo utilizing M/V Mohawk, with the bulk of the cargo moving between the U.S. East Coast and the Persian Gulf.

Mission 1st Group received $14,538,390 for subject matter experts to assist with communications and networking infrastructure, as well as perform project management and information assurance in Kuwait, Afghanistan, Jordan.

Sierra Nevada Corp. received $1,808,000,000 for potential procurement, sustainment, modifications, ferry, and related equipment for the A-29. Work at Moody AFB, GA; and Kabul, Kandahar, and Mazari Sharif Air Bases in Afghanistan. Involves FMS to Afghanistan, but is initially funded using Afghanistan Security Forces funds.

USEUCOM

Aerovironment Inc. received $8,868,341 for providing RQ-20B Puma AE II systems and support to Estonia.

USINDOPACOM

Alan Shintani Inc. received $11,577,000 for converting the five high traffic aircraft turning areas from asphalt to concrete at JB Pearl Harbor-Hickam.

Erickson Helicopters received $28,447,076 for dedicated rotary wing and fixed wing aircraft in the Pacific with a focus on the Philippines.

USSOCOM

Chesapeake Technology International received $30,000,000 for data management architecture synchronization, sustainment and support to USSOCOM. Work in Colorado Springs, CO.

Ensign-Bickford Aerospace & Defense received $25,000,000 for detonators used in close quarter breaching, military demolition, and explosive ordnance disposal.

Geoweb3d Inc. received $17,233,795 for Special Operations Mission Planning & Execution Plan next generation three-dimension mapping engine (design, develop, integrate).

Hardwire LLC received $8,000,000 for SOF personal equipment advanced requirements (SPEAR) soft body armor ballistic inserts.

Harris Corp. received $93,500,000 for a suite of radio frequency countermeasure components and services for technology applications and CV-22 program offices.

Harris Corp. received $255,421,604 for B-52 and C-130 SOF aircraft parts. 

Leonardo DRS received $11,662,795 to repair AN/APQ-170 Multi-Mode Radar System components. This radar is used on MC-130H aircraft.

Leonardo DRS received $20,966,982 for improved day/night observation devices (INOD). INOD is a cooled thermal mid-wave infrared imager that is marketed as being able to import data, export images, & engage targets beyond 800 meters.

L3 received $23,637,320 for Miniature Aiming System – Day Optics close quarter combat sights and clip-on magnifiers in support of USSOCOM. L3 received $48,500,000 for Squad Aiming Lasers (SAL), spare parts, and training in support of USSOCOM. SAL is a laser system for compact rifles and assault rifles.

Oceaneering International Inc. received $68,879,200 for Dry Deck Shelter (DDS) Program maintenance, product improvement, and design services for Naval Special Warfare Command.

RQ Construction received $63,586,000 for design and construction of Special Operations Forces, SEAL Operations Facilities for Teams 1 and 3 at the Naval Special Warfare Coastal Campus, Coronado, CA. Solpac Construction received $10,183,000 for design and construction of the Mobile Communication Detachment Facility at the Naval Special Warfare Coastal Campus, Coronado.

Solpac Construction received $24,597,000 to design and build the SOF Desert Warfare Training Center at MCAS Camp Billy Machen, Brawley, CA.

USSOUTHCOM

Airtec Inc. received $26,948,745 for ISR flight hours, operations, maintenance, development, testing, and evaluation of currently integrated aircraft systems and associated ground systems in support of the Falcon-I program. Work in Bogotá, Colombia (85%) and California, MD (15%).

Hornbeck Offshore received $7,471,447 to charter HOS Mystique supporting U.S. Southern Command. This vessel provides “proof of concept for a single vessel to meet various training, exercise, experimentation, and operational mission support requirements.”

Maytag Aircraft Corp. received $20,950,164 for alongside aircraft refueling services for the U.S. Navy in Colorado and Cuba.

Support Systems Associates received $31,195,898 for RC-26 avionics upgrade.

Six construction corporations received $75,000,000 each for construction projects at Naval Station Guantánamo Bay (NSGB) Cuba.

Six construction corporations including Centerra and an AECOM-RQ joint venture received a max. shared $240,000,000 for construction projects located primarily within NAVFAC Southeast, specifically Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.

DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY (DARPA)

Chenega Infinity received $8,244,812 for physical security support (developing, implementing, maintaining, and continuously improving programs) complementing DARPA’s missions, to help accomplish Security & Intelligence Directorate’s mission; and “fully comply with public law, national policy, applicable executive orders, and DOD directives, instructions, and regulations.”

Packet Forensics received $10,000,000 for DARPA Harnessing Autonomy for Countering Cyberadversary Systems (HACCS) research project.

CORPORATE CAPTURE OF U.S. INTELLIGENCE / ESPIONAGE

ADC Ltd. NM received roughly $34,711,000 to conduct background investigations for DIA Personnel Security Division’s mission. Part of its work is determining who gets access to sensitive compartmented information (SCI).

AT&T, Booz Allen Hamilton, Harris Corp., KeyW, Leidos, Lockheed Martin, Macaulay-Brown Inc., Northrop Grumman, Southwest Research Institute received a shared $500,000,000 (max.) for research, development, technical, and engineering services to support DIA Directorate for Science & Technology.

Deloitte Consulting Group LLP received $9,042,536 for conceptualizing, designing, and supporting a DOD-led Personnel Vetting Transformation Office (PVTO) within the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence. This supports transforming and modernizing personnel vetting, and moves background investigations from OPM to the Department of War.

Grand Ground Enterprise received roughly $61,261,000 to provide DIA’s Office of Counterintelligence and the Joint Staff Counterintelligence & Human Intelligence Deputy Directorate with counterintelligence analysis support. These services help “identify and neutralize threats to DIA personnel, information and missions” and “includes strategic-level analysis focused on all-source analysis.” Prescient Edge Corp. received $65,080,499 to provide DIA’s Office of Counterintelligence Counterespionage with counterintelligence activity support. These services also help “identify and neutralize threats to DIA personnel, information and missions.”

Mantech received $12,918,248 for SCI and Special Access Program (SAP) security services to Space & Missile Systems Center and Air Force Space Command operational units (e.g. Los Angeles, Vandenberg, Peterson, and Schriever AFB).

ACADEMIAU.S. academia has largely supported the U.S. war industry. Faculty and staff often justify this ethical compromise by claiming that the funding is too good to turn down and that they, the academics, are ultimately not the ones determining when, where, or how to use the weaponry being developed.

University of Alabama received $27,358,213 for testing, evaluation, and analysis of experiments and development in applied optics, directed energy, propulsion, counter-IED, laser sensors, hypervelocity light gas gun experiments and missile warheads.

University of Alaska Fairbanks received $46,730,000 for DOD-wide University Affiliated Research Center (UARC) research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E) in geophysical detection of nuclear proliferation. The Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Threat Reduction and Arms Control (reporting to the assistant secretary of defense for nuclear, chemical, and biological defense programs) will manage the UARC.

UC-San Diego (Scripps Institution of Oceanography) received $9,568,563 for mid-life re-fit and overhaul of Roger Revelle (AGOR 24) in Portland, OR, for the Office of Naval Research. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution received $37,524,183 for RV Atlantis (AGOR 25) mid-life re-fit and overhaul for the Office of Naval Research.

Georgia Tech received $29,669,132 to reactivate the band 8 transmitter associated with AN/ALQ-161A avionics system supporting B-1B aircraft.

Johns Hopkins University, which is currently the Department of War’s most favored academic institution based on number of contracts issued, received $23,848,171 to provide “the technical and program support of Tactical Space and small satellite portfolio’s core competencies and mission lifecycle to include support of the mission phases from concept through design, implementation, operations, and transition of space assets” for AFRL, Kirtland AFB. This jargon-filled description unintentionally demonstrates how corporatized the Department of War / academia alliance has become.

Johns Hopkins University received $14,995,942 to help the Pentagon assess and provide alternatives of offensive capabilities, which asymmetrically “mitigate threat effectiveness, impose cost, and/or create ambiguity in adversary decision-making.”

University of Southern California (USC) received $8,032,625 for DARPA Circuit Realization at Faster Timescales (CRAFT) research program, phase 3.

Utah State received $92,000,000 to help AFRL maintain engineering and R&D capabilities in sensor development, image processing, and data analysis.

TELECOM COMPLICITY

AT&T received $87,377,959 for experimentation of a secure, reliable, measured, commercial data and voice network in order to enable access to DOD data and applications from DOD facilities, as well as enable access for mobile and remotely located users. Work at Buckley AFB, Offutt AFB, JB Elmendorf Richardson. AT&T received $17,910,517 to provide Combat Trainer Data Subsystems for the Combat Training Center Instrumentation System Range Communication System at Fort Polk.

Sprint received $10,815,551 for continued operation and maintenance of telecommunications fiber in Europe.

General Dynamics received $11,395,466 to upgrade existing telecommunication network architecture at Kaneohe Bay, HI (50%); Camp Smith, HI (50%).

INVASIVE AIRCRAFT

Honeywell received $10,080,902 for Jet Fuel Starter repair components for RC-135 aircraft. This provides the remaining stock of Jet Fuel Starter components necessary to sustain the RC-135 fleet through 2040. RC-135 have been flying since the Vietnam War. Aircrew joke that they’re held together with duct tape.

Northrop Grumman received $75,038,991 for operational requirements for logistics support for government-owned fixed-wing fleet performing special electronic mission aircraft missions (MC-12S, RC-12S, EO-5C, TO-5C, RO-6A).

Sierra Nevada Corp. received $9,424,000 for high band common chassis and spares components to support the Maritime Patrol Reconnaissance Aircraft Program. This chassis is essentially a signals intelligence sensor “derived from extensive history of predecessor digital receiving systems for signal exploitation.”

JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER (F-35)

IDSC Holdings LLC received $11,924,503 for commercial hand tools and toolboxes for F-35 aircraft (Lot 11 LRIP) for U.S. Navy ($9,565,654; 80.2%); Apartheid Israel ($1,174,474; 9.9%); Japan ($777,715; 6.5%); South Korea ($406,660; 3.4%).

Lockheed Martin received $29,254,101 for various diminishing manufacturing sources parts to protect deliveries for future F-35. FMS = $29,254,101.

Lockheed Martin received $39,223,382 for F-35 annual sustainment: more software sustainment and flight test support for Air Systems for USAF ($15,714,454; 40.06%); USMC ($7,857,620; 20.03%); Navy ($7,857,620; 20.03%); non-DOD ($7,793,688; 19.88%).

Lockheed Martin received $88,029,912 for F-35 LRIP Lot XI support equipment. Lockheed Martin received $315,773,716 for F-35 LRIP Lot XI aircraft support equipment for USAF ($108,665,198; 34.41%); USN ($31,062,358; 9.84%); USMC ($5,186,434; 1.64%); non-DOD ($170,859,726; 54.11%).

Lockheed Martin received $116,311,183 for 440 F-35 Generation 3 Helmet Mounted Display Systems (LRIP 11), oxygen masks, and initial spares for Air Force (180 worth $47,120,086; 40.5%); Navy (60 worth $15,711,725; 13.5%); Marine Corps (69 worth $18,944,511; 16.3%); non-DOD (119 worth $31,599,088; 27.2%); FMS (12 worth $2,935,773; 2.5%).

Northern Construction received $8,958,380 for the design and construction of an F-35A munitions maintenance complex at Hill AFB, UT.

Northrop Grumman received $9,967,000 to support F-35 Reprogramming Labs (with spare equipment, on-site technical support, repairs, upgrades, and travel) at Eglin AFB, FL; Linthicum Heights, MD. Northrop Grumman received $7,680,000 for spare equipment, on-site technical support, repairs, upgrades, and travel supporting F-35 reprogramming labs at Eglin AFB, FL; Buffalo, NY.

United Technologies received $39,266,691 for additional long lead-time components, parts, and materials (Lot 13) F-35 propulsion systems for USMC ($29,054,685; 73.99%); Air Force ($582,821; 1.49%); Navy ($109,186; 0.28%); non-U.S. DOD ($9,228,392; 23.50%); FMS ($291,607; 0.74%). United Technologies received $63,499,364 for non-recurring engineering for early identification, development, and qualification of corrections to potential and current operational issues for U.S. Navy ($25,813,010; 41%); Air Force ($19,181,577; 30%); non-U.S. DOD ($12,599,197; 20%); FMS ($5,905,581; 9%). United Technologies received $187,553,466 for F-35 engine (F135) initial spare common fan modules, augmentors, power and gearbox modules, engine nozzles, lift fans and clutches for FMS ($17,374,702; 9%) and DOD (91%).

United Technologies received $209,601,517 for additional long-lead materials, parts, and components in support of F-35 LRIP Lot 13 propulsion systems for USAF ($73,537,179; 35%); USMC ($35,477,475; 17%); Navy ($21,888,984; 10%); non-DOD ($41,929,486; 20%); FMS ($36,768,394; 18%). United Technologies received $266,062,462 for program administrative labor (for non-recurring sustainment activities; supplies, services and planning for depot activations; material & support equipment for depot maintenance facilities and mockup engines and modules for test cells) in support of F-35 for USAF ($83,646,823, 31%); USMC ($43,446,086, 16%); U.S. Navy ($32,271,482, 12%); non-U.S. DOD ($99,075,389; 37%); FMS ($7,662,682; 3%).

OSPREY (V-22)

Bell-Boeing Joint Project Office (JPO) received $32,350,663 for new Large Aircraft Infra-Red Countermeasure System Processor Replacement non-recurring engineering and 60 kits for the MV-22 and CV-22 aircraft.

Bell-Boeing JPO received $10,810,033 for 12 additional MV-22 Integrated Aircraft Survivability Equipment (IASE) retrofit A-Kits Block C; 12 MV-22 IASE retrofit kit installations; IASE configuration B retrofit A and B-Kit installation; five CV-22 IASE advanced mission computer A-Kits for U.S. Navy ($9,577,130; 88%) and USAF ($1,232,903; 12%).

Elbit received $16,471,564 for standby flight displays for MV-22, including FMS production spares. Hydraulics International received $13,330,088 for support equipment for V-22 for USA and Japan.

Kranze Technology Solutions received $37,370,955 to support an emerging Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) suite of equipment known as Roll On/Roll Off Communications Suite for the V-22. Support involves production, testing, installation, supportability, and technical documentation upgrades via NAWCAD Lakehurst, NJ.

Textron (Bell) received $48,365,907 for V-22 PRGB right hand aircraft assembly parts and received $48,365,907 for V-22 PRGB left hand aircraft assembly parts for U.S. Navy. Textron (Bell) received $18,439,388 and received $13,655,072 in support of the V-22 aircraft platform hub assembly for U.S. Navy.

EAGLE (F-15)

Boeing received $208,279,000 for F-15 Legion Pod infrared search and track (IRST) pods. Boeing received $85,533,183 for F-15 Advanced Display Core Processor II (ADCPII). Boeing received $15,186,972 for APG-82 Radar Modernization Program test requirements document. Boeing received $7,275,000 for F-15E Aircraft Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System Moveable Canopies.

Rockwell Collins ESA Vision Systems received $11,865,688 to support the Joint Helmet Mounting Cueing System for F-15 and F-16 aircraft. Work in Texas and Apartheid Israel.

FALCON (F-16)

BAE Systems received $9,695,000 and received $12,000,000 for F-16 Commercial Fire Control Computer (CFCC) repair program at Hill AFB, UT.

GasTOPS, Inc. received $7,661,190 for the Portable Debris Analyzer ChipCheck Machine. Provides 75 machines, which allow for in-the-field ability to analyze debris found in aircraft engine oil, specifically, the F-110 engine.

L3 Technologies received $8,655,585 to incorporate the F-16 Mission Training Center (MTC) distributed mission operations mission package 18 standards update engineering change proposal.

Northrop Grumman received $9,800,000 for LITENING Targeting Pod – Operational Flight Program software updates and / or incidental firmware and hardware. Provides integration with F-16 Pre-Block 30 / 32 system capability.

Rockwell Collins received $29,830,000 for Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module Embedded GPS/Inertial Navigation System for Pre-Block F-16 aircraft.

HORNET (F-18)

Aerokool Aviation Corp. received $8,221,363 to repair F/A-18 turbines.

Boeing received $167,788,112 for F/A-18 aircraft depot-level reparables. Boeing received $17,350,724 for F/A-18 aircraft radomes.

Elbit Fort Worth, one of many Israeli corporations imbricated in the U.S. war industry, received $68,255,051 for various display replacements for F/A-18.

General Dynamics received $7,858,577 for gas generators for use in the suppression system on F/A 18E/F to protect the dry bays under the fuel tanks.

General Electric received $52,462,485 for F/A-18 aircraft generators.

Northrop Grumman received $22,480,020 for F/A-18 doors.

R.A. Burch Construction received $46,480,700 for design and construction of an F/A-18 aircraft avionics repair facility replacement at NAS Lemoore.

Raytheon received $8,127,897 to repair 193 units across weapon repairable assemblies used on F-18 active electronically scanned array radar system.

HORNET & GROWLER COMMON AIRFRAME

Boeing received $17,924,406 for Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) that aims to tackle a problem with air regulators and shut off valves so the Department of War can eliminate “physiological episodes” in F/A-18E/F and EA-18G. Boeing received $22,757,050 for engineering, logistics, and program management on F/A-18A-D, E-F and EA-18G aircraft to reduce fleet out of reporting rates and maintenance planning. Boeing received $40,323,606 for aircraft armament equipment for 12 F/A-18E/F and 14 EA-18G aircraft for U.S. Navy.

General Electric received $12,080,440 for 1,815 main long spraybars and 265 kits for F/A-18E/F/G aircraft.

Raytheon received $35,516,020 for APG-79 Radar System spare parts.

Rockwell Collins received $81,433,819 for logistics & repair on F/A-18 A-F and E/A-18 G components and additional components common across several platforms (e.g. KC-130, MH-60, V-22, P-3C, EP-3E).

Rosemount Aerospace received $7,161,480 for 360 alternate angle of attack transmitters for F/A-18E/F and EA-18G aircraft.

ELECTRONIC WARFARE AIRCRAFT (GROWLER & PROWLER)

CPI Radant Technologies Division received $11,995,376 for Extended Low-Band Radomes in support of AN/ALQ-99(V) aboard the EA-18G aircraft. 

Northrop Grumman received $13,483,882 to support the EA-18G CP-2640/ALQ Electronic Attack Unit (EAU) Software Modernization Program (SMP). EAU SMP is an EAU Operational Flight Program upgrade.

Raytheon received $183,486,207 for Next Generation Jammer Mid-Band (NGJ-MB) engineering and manufacturing development.

AIRBORNE EARLY WARNING (HAWKEYE & SENTRY)

Northrop Grumman received $164,326,263 for one E-2D aircraft for Japan. Overseas work in Aire-sur-l’Adour, France (1.49%); Lunenberg, Novia Scotia, Canada (1.58%); Longueil, Quebec, Canada (0.69%); Laval, Quebec, Canada (0.63%); Latina, Italy (0.13%); Wimborne, U.K. (0.06%). Overseas work effectively co-opts the capitalist elites of foreign nations into working with and purchasing from the U.S. war industry.

Northrop Grumman received $31,010,405 for two engineering development model operational test program sets in support of the E-2D.

Northrop Grumman received $13,517,256 for non-recurring engineering necessary to incorporate E-2D Link-16 Crypto Modernization & Frequency Remapping capability by integrating the Multifunctional Information Distribution System Joint Tactical Radio System (MIDS JTRS) Concurrent Multi Netting 4 terminal and a low volume Link-16 High Power Amplifier into E-2D aircraft.

Raytheon received $14,071,825 for Airborne Warning & Control System (AWACS) Phase II risk reduction, AWACS-specific modifications to existing sensor electronics unit, and other work.

Raytheon received $7,973,280 for engineering support services, maintenance, and repair for Multi-spectral Targeting System (MTS) on Navy EP-3 aircraft.

Rolls-Royce received $17,599,557 for T56-A-427A engines, power section modules and reduction gearbox modules for E-2D aircraft.

SPIRIT (B-2)

Aviation Training Consulting received $20,892,865 for B-52 Training System Delta Merge.

Hamilton Sundstrand Corp. received $9,182,513 to overhaul 22 B-2/B-52 Common Strategic Rotary Launchers.

Lockheed Martin received $47,478,899 for repair & overhaul on the B-2 digital countermeasure receiver.

POSEIDON (P-8) & ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE

Boeing received $194,517,924 for P-8A Aircrew Training System production concurrency upgrades, required for training devises to be ready for initial training for U.S. Navy ($154,776,918; 80%) and Australia ($39,741,006; 20%).

Boeing received $15,422,132 for air launch accessory engineering in support of the P-8A integration efforts and 14 telemetry kits for the air launch accessory of the High Altitude Anti-Submarine Warfare Weapon Capability.

Boeing received $9,044,214 to incorporate P-8A change proposals about Optical Sensor Capability and A-Kit & Aircraft Updates into 18 P-8A aircraft.

Pole/Zero Acquisition Inc. received $66,673,285 for antenna interface units and communication tray; technical data, spares, and repair of repairables for P-8A for U.S. Navy ($33,404,335; 50%); U.K. ($9,538,692; 14%); Norway ($6,766,623; 10%); Australia ($3,866,043; 6%); New Zealand ($5,365,506; 8%); South Korea ($7,732,086; 12%).

Raytheon received $46,114,946 for APY-10 production kits and related services in support of P-8A aircraft for U.S. Navy (4 for $11,371,053; 25%); FMS ($34,743,893; 75%: 4 Australia, 8 UK).

STRATEGIC / TACTICAL AIRLIFT

General Electric received $19,565,172 and received $19,565,172 to establish organic depot repair / overhaul capability for C-130J R391 propellers at Robins AFB. Includes training for organic repair/overhaul capability for line and shop replaceable units.

AERIAL REFUELING

Boeing received $2,858,701,741 for lot 4 production KC-46 aircraft, initial spares, and support equipment. TDX Quality received $15,150,516 for KC-46A alterations of apron and fire hydrants at JB McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst. Woodward Inc. received $7,128,800.00 to overhaul F108-100 Main Engine Control, KC-135.

WARTHOG (A-10)

Merex Aircraft received an estimated $9,610,406 for A-10 speed brake assembles and aileron trim tabs.

MILITARY RESEARCH LABS

The Assurance Technology Corp. received $11,511,435 for R&D of the C4ISR System for Naval Research Laboratory’s Space Systems Development Department (SSDD).

IBM received $14,863,208 for NorthPole software/hardware. Provides work for software and hardware specification for NorthPole, the next generation neural inference machine.

Integrated Solutions for Systems received $17,500,000 for Weapons Effects Simulation Testing effort: R&D on concepts & conventional inventory weapon systems, Eglin AFB.

Raytheon received $8,464,299 for advanced technologies to support platform acoustic signature management for Office of Naval Research.

Texas Research Institute (TRI) Austin Inc. received $9,650,000 for research in the area of developing a spatial registration for the Material State Awareness system. Universal Technology Corp. received $9,650,000 to help AFRL research a spatial registration for the Material State Awareness system.

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND

ECS Federal LLC received $78,826,837 for machine learning and computer vision engineering, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

Leonardo DRS received $435,000,000 for horizontal technology integration second generation forward looking infrared thermal receiver units, kit components, spares, repairs, and engineering and technical services.

HELICOPTERS

Boeing received $33,786,581 for cargo platform health environment kits for cargo helicopters.

Boeing received $92,500,000 for engineering, analysis, test and technical support to substantiate candidate concepts / designs and to achieve technology mission objectives for goods and services for AH-64, A/MH-6M, and H-47.

Boeing received $198,927,812 for performance-based logistics support of the CH-47 forward and aft rotor blades and associated containers.

Boeing received $375,550,368 for non-developmental item integration of four aircraft to replace the UH-1N: acquisition & sustainment of up to 84 MH-139 helicopters, training devices, and associated support equipment.

General Electric received $17,818,296 for UH-60 pipe exhausts. General Electric received $84,100,298 for logistics and repair support on four T700 engine components in support of U.S. Navy’s H-60 and USMC AH-1 helicopters.

Lockheed Martin (Sikorsky) received $58,395,297 for 866 spare parts to repair and maintain CH-53K aircraft.

Lockheed Martin received $36,024,134 for MH-60 product line software configuration 20 fleet release for U.S. Navy ($12,047,419; 33%) and FMS ($23,976,715; 67%). Additionally, includes work on development / integration of enhanced fuel & power management and work on replacement of MIDS and other technology.

Lockheed Martin received $60,947,957 to repair UH-60 transmission.

Northrop Grumman received $89,046,682 for R&D and upgrades of AH-1Z and UH-1Y System Configuration Sets (SCSs) mission computers.

Textron (Bell) received $27,042,247 for main gear shafts, rotor hubs, swashplate controls, transmission case assemblies, mechanical housings, and pinion assemblies in support of USAF UH-1N and TH-1H helicopters.

GENERAL AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE

Aerocontrolex Group received maximum $7,536,743 for aviation spare parts.

Boeing received $10,000,000 for multi-platform engineering services & support.

Boeing received an estimated $69,726,565 for consumable items supporting various aircraft. Includes unnamed FMS.

ES3 Primary Logistics Group received $475,000,000 for supplies in support of aircraft landing gear.

Lockheed Martin received $38,722,467 for CLS (program management, engineering, repair services) of Common Organization Level Tester System.

Meggitt Aircraft Braking Systems received $322,691,461 for aircraft consumable and reparable parts. Nasco Aircraft Brake received $41,955,000 (max.) for aircraft consumable and reparable parts.

Northrop Grumman received $9,532,773 for additional aft deck production units. Northrup Grumman received $13,825,722 for product data management and migration support, Air Force Sustainment Center, Robins AFB.

Northrop Grumman received $7,458,047 for continuing engineering services, providing a sustainment depot for the Mission Data File Generator, Intermediate Level Support Equipment, Millicomputer Replacement, Operational Flight Program (OFP) and Digital Receiver Exciter OFP, as well as interfacing firmware and software support tools (ensuring corrections to deficiencies are identified during government testing and initial fielding) at Warner Robins, GA.

Northrop Grumman received $13,500,000 for engineering services providing all of Northrop designed platforms managed by the 424th Supply Chain Management Squadron, Air Force Sustainment Center, Tinker AFB.

Triumph Engine Control Systems received $77,507,491 (max.) for control units.

United Technologies received $2,460,000,000 for DLA to supply the Air Force depot level repairables and consumable parts.

INDUSTRIAL BASE – GENERAL

Eccalon LLC received $8,448,706 to provide National Security Technology Accelerator Program support for the Office of Manufacturing & Industrial Base Policy. Work at the Mark Center, VA.

Huntington Ingalls received $34,037,115 for a temporary storage period and preparations for towing of the aircraft carrier ex-USS Enterprise. The carrier will be held for a temporary storage period while DOD evaluates disposal alternatives, conducts an environmental impact statement, and plans for towing.

Pietro Carnaghi USA Inc. received $12,305,331 for a Gantry Mill machine.

Tompco-Triton received $10,050,800 for repairs to bridges at Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. Power Engineering Construction Co., Alameda, CA, received $7,110,250 for pier repairs at Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA.

AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTATION, PODS & SENSORS

Calculex Inc. received $46,623,715 basic for Air Data Recorders (ADR) and support services. Provides spare equipment, support services, and improvement of ADR capabilities for use in Air Force Test mission. Telspan Data LLC received $46,183,433 for air data recorders (ADR), ground recorder systems (GRS), data replay systems (DRS) and support services.

Engility Corp. received $49,500,000 to sustain the Joint Range Extension/Joint Range Extension Tactical Equipment Package program in San Diego, CA; Shaw AFB; and Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar.

L3 received $10,159,587 for flight test instrumentation engineering services and support.

Rockwell Collins received $9,550,512.00 for control-display units.

Support Systems Associates Inc. received $31,195,898 for RC-26 avionics upgrade to meet FAA mandates.

Textron received $7,263,870 for 255 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out production kits for the T-6 aircraft. ADS-B Out aims for real-time information sharing and good situational awareness for pilots and controllers.

Mesotech International received $20,000,000 to consolidate sustainment of FMQ-19 (pdf) and FMQ-22 weather system programs used at airports.

AIRCRAFT PERSONNEL DEVICES

Gentex Corp. received $12,719,425 for aircrew integrated helmet system, HGU-56/P and components.

Gentex Corp. and Teledyne Scientific & Imaging each received $98,300,000 for aircrew laser eye protection.

Omni Medical Systems received $15,498,493 for bladder relief devices (for aircrew; hands-free, eyes-free, seated, harnessed; for operating at positive or negative Gs and high altitude), training, and six months of supplies.

AIRBORNE COUNTERMEASURES

Alloy Surfaces Co. received $94,000,000 for MJU-66 decoy flares.

Armtec Countermeasures and Kilgore Flares received a shared $48,600,000 for MJU-61 A/B infrared countermeasure flares for USA (96%), South Korea (3%), and various unnamed FMS (1%).

Northrop Grumman received $210,500,224 for FY2018 Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCM) production requirements for U.S. Navy ($161,240,756; 77%); Army ($27,756,313; 13%); Air Force ($19,784,658; 9%); U.K. ($1,718,497; 1%).

Raytheon received $46,663,856 for technical maturation and risk reduction of the Miniature Air Launched Decoy-Navy (MALD).

AIRCRAFT PROPULSION

Aero Turbine Inc. received $128,757,513 for overhaul of J85-GE-5/-21 engine components.

General Electric received $12,031,431 for aircraft engine combustion chambers.

United Technologies received $436,688,397 for next generation adaptive propulsion risk reduction for air superiority applications, mainly complete, flight-weight adaptive engines (design, test, build, integrate).

Aerojet Rocketdyne received $20,000,000 for Advanced Turbine Technologies for Affordable Mission-Capability (ATTAM) Phase I to develop, demonstrate, and transition advanced turbine propulsion, power and thermal technologies that improve affordable mission capability. United Technologies received $250,000,000 for Advanced Turbine Technologies for Affordable Mission-Capability (ATTAM) Phase I.

AEGIS

Global Research & Technology Corp. received $12,803,365 for services in support of NAWCWD Aegis Externally Directed Team Leader and Weapons Test and Evaluation Division. Services to be provided include systems engineering, test and evaluation, instrumentation, logistics and life cycle management, management, and training for U.S. Navy ($10,243,365; 80%); Japan ($1,280,000; 10%); Australia ($640,000; 5%); Spain ($640,000; 5%).

Lockheed Martin received $78,276,516 for Aegis Combat System Engineering Agent efforts for the design, development, integration, test and delivery of Advanced Capability Build 20.

Lockheed Martin received $13,020,091 for Aegis design agent field engineering services for U.S. Navy (77%); Japan (19%); Spain (4%).

Lockheed Martin received $11,603,840 for operational and support services to the Aegis Combat System and its elements at the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Test Complex at the Pacific Missile Range Facility in Kauai, HI.

Lockheed Martin received $10,638,240 for AEGIS Ballistic Missile Defense equipment.

LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP (LCS)

Austal USA received undisclosed funding to build two littoral combat ships (LCS). Lockheed Martin received undisclosed funding to build one LCS.

Austal USA received $16,459,663 for engineering and management services in support of work specification development, prefabrication efforts, and material procurement for USS Charleston (LCS-18) post shakedown availability.

LANDING CRAFT, AIR CUSHION (LCAC)

Tecnico Corp. received $25,598,667 for Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC) service life extension program (SLEP) in Little Creek, VA.

Textron received $98,045,961 for additional long-lead-time material (LLTM) for the Ship-to-Shore Connector (SSC) program, Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC) 100-class craft 109 through 112, and for the procurement of LLTM and pre-fabrication activities for LCACs 113 through 118.

ARLEIGH BURKE-CLASS DESTROYERS (DDG)

General Dynamics received $3,904,735,559 to build four DDG 51 class ships, one each in FY2019 through 2022. Huntington Ingalls received $5,104,668,778 to build six DDG 51 class ships, two in FY2018 and one each in FY2019 through 2022.

Huntington Ingalls received $9,236,208 for program management, advanced planning, engineering, design, material procurement/kitting, liaison, scheduling, and participation in planning conferences and design reviews in support of the post shakedown availability for DDG-117.

Huntington Ingalls received $48,532,386 for USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62) emergent repair and restoration.

ZUMWALT-CLASS DESTROYERS (DDG-1000)

General Dynamics received $55,963,902 for guided-missile destroyer (DDG) 1000 class unique wholesale spare parts and equipment.

NIMITZ-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIERS (CVN)

Federal Equipment Co. received $13,204,230 for Advanced Weapons Elevator (AWE) land-based unit (LBU) for the Land-Based Engineering Test Site (LBETS), installation, and technical support for LBETS & AWE on CVN-class ships.

Huntington Ingalls received $26,804,899 for engineering and technical services in support of operational Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) class and propulsion plant related efforts for Nimitz (CVN 68) class aircraft carriers. Huntington Ingalls received $94,583,325 for additional advance fabrication, R&D, testing, engineering in support of CVN 80.

SUBMARINES

AECOM (URS) received $35,700,172 for phase two of Hurricane Irma repairs at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay.

BAE Systems received $37,566,503 for long-lead-time material procurement and manufacturing of propulsors & tailcones for Virginia-class subs SSN 800-803.

Desbuild Inc. received $8,387,000 to repair Building 5044 concrete caisson at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. 

D.L. Martin Co., Epsilon Systems Solutions, GSE Dynamics Inc., Rhoads Industries received a shared $14,500,000 to support the assembly and test services for submarine mast, antenna, periscope and communication systems hull, mechanical and electrical assemblies. Work at various Navy bases, ship yards, repair facilities and contractor facilities in the continental U.S.

Erie Forge & Steel received $7,323,320 to manufacture propulsion shaft sections for Virgina-class submarines.

General Dynamics received $480,601,156 for fiscal 2019 and 2020 lead ship advance procurement/advance construction, and long lead time material funding of Columbia class fleet ballistic missile subs.

General Dynamics received $22,483,141 for engineering and technical design effort to support R&D concept formulation for submarine platforms.

General Dynamics received $12,880,531 for sustainment of U.S./U.K. SSBN Fire Control System, the U.S. SSGN Attack Weapon Control System, including training and support equipment. Included is the Missile Fire Control for U.S. Columbia-class and UK Dreadnought-class Common Missile Compartment (CMC) program development, through first unit UK production, and Strategic Weapon Interface Simulator. 

Huntington Ingalls received $104,260,102 for engineering, technical, design, configuration management, integrated logistics support, database management, R&D, modernization and industrial support for nuclear submarines.

Leidos received $13,934,702 to design and develop Acoustic Device Countermeasure (ADC) MK5 developmental devices including engineering and technical services and non-recurring engineering services, including software and hardware development in support of the ADC MK 5 devices.

Lockheed Martin received $15,587,081 for TB-37 arrays and ancillary equipment.

Lockheed Martin received $16,310,246 for AN/BVY-1 Integrated Submarine Imaging System (ISIS) Technical Insertion 20-24 production and engineering services. ISIS provides visual and other capabilities for Navy submarines.

Lockheed Martin received $132,267,899 for engineering services to support the AN/BVY-1 Integrated Submarine Imaging System.

L3 Technologies received $49,364,268 to provide support and repair services for the TB-23 towed array systems and related test equipment.

MACNAK Construction received $11,737,841 for the removal and replacement of three generators at Naval Radio Station Jim Creek.

M.A. Mortenson received $50,207,000 for phase two repairs and improvements to the explosive handling wharf one facility, Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. Mark Dunning Industries Inc. received $7,887,182 for base operations support services at Naval Submarine Base, Kings Bay.

Northrop Grumman received $7,250,350 for sonar acoustic baffles.

Orbis Sibro Inc., Q.E.D. Systems, Delphinus Engineering, Oceaneering Intl. received a shared $166,961,483 for non-nuclear production support of U.S. naval submarine projects / repair in Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, ME. Services cover electrician, pipefitters, machinists, painters, weight handler, shipwright, welders, sheet metal, insulation, etc. for upcoming submarine availabilities.

Five construction corporations received a shared $95,000,000 for waterfront construction projects within NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic Hampton Roads. Crofton Construction Services, for example, is repairing submarine berth 18/19, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, VA.

SURFACE SHIP MAINTENANCE

BAE Systems received $31,927,422 for scheduled extended docking selected restricted availability (EDSRA) for USS Hopper (DDG 70), Honolulu, HI. BAE Systems received $24,757,239 for additional growth requirements identified during USS Tortuga (LSD 46) FY2018 modernization period Chief of Naval Operations-scheduled availability.

Boston Ship Repair received $17,422,472 for regular overhaul and dry docking of U.S. Naval Ships (USNS) Supply (T-AOE 6).

Confluence Corp., Marisco Ltd., and Integrated Marine Services Inc. each received $17,095,520 for repair, maintenance and alteration of U.S. government waterborne vessels and surface ships at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility, JB Pearl Harbor-Hickam.

General Dynamics received $218,717,565 for USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6) fiscal year 2018 docking phased maintenance availability.

Huntington Ingalls received $42,600,000 to continue repair, maintenance, upgrades, modernization of USS Helena (SSN 725) dry-docking SRA.

American Scaffold and W.V. Construction received $10,869,649 and $18,892,889, respectively, for scaffolding at the Southwest Regional Maintenance Center.

Pacific Shipyards International received $10,031,114 for Essayons Dredge ship overhaul, Honolulu, HI.

For engineering and technical services to support the Naval Surface Warfare Center Philadelphia Division’s hull, mechanical and electrical modernization programs, corporations received funding [AMSEC $337,933,499; Delphinus Engineering $356,681,184; Epsilon Systems Solutions $385,896,145; General Dynamics $367,206,298; Q.E.D. Systems $360,558,151]. Work at various Navy bases, shipyards, repair facilities and contractor facilities, both inside and outside the continental U.S.

SHIP WEAPONRY

BAE Systems received $18,499,843 for Mk 38 machine gun system coaxial kits.

Boeing received $14,253,926 for 53 Harpoon Block II Plus tactical missile upgrade kits for U.S. Navy.

Leidos received $20,987,917 for ship-installation, integrated logistic support, fleet support, and life-cycle-sustainment of AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 Surface Ship Undersea Warfare Systems. Lockheed Martin received $54,551,523 for AN/SQQ-89A(V)15.

Lockheed Martin received $8,100,000 for multi-mission signal processor capability restorations (MMSP-CR) for Surface Combat System Center and Aegis Training & Readiness Center.

Lockheed Martin received $14,746,989 for AN/SLQ-32(V)6 design agent engineering services, incidental material and travel, supporting the Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP). Northrup Grumman received $9,000,000 for long lead material for Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP) Block 3 LRIP.

Raytheon received $482,276,572 for MK 15 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) upgrade, conversion, overhaul, & hardware for USA (41%); Army (5%); Taiwan (38%); Saudi Arabia (9%); Japan (5%); New Zealand (1%); Australia (<1%). Serco Inc. received $8,302,798 for CIWS waterfront installation support, including at Yokosuka, Japan (6%); Jubail & Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (4%); Rota, Spain (1%).

Sechan Electronics received $7,247,704 for target detecting devices used to detonate mines for the U.S. Navy.

Ultra Electronics Ocean Systems received $42,058,477 to test, produce and deliver MK54 MOD 0 Lightweight Torpedo (LWT) array kits, related spares, production support material, engineering & hardware repair, and maintenance of equipment for U.S. Navy (51%); Taiwan (46%); Canada (3%).

SHIP PROPULSION

Life Cycle Engineering received $46,254,486 for engineering support on electrical power and propulsion systems during the construction and life cycle of Navy ships, submarines, etc.

NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND (NAVSEA)

FlightFab Inc. received $12,620,604 for solid waste processing equipment (plastic shredders, metal glass shredders, large pulpers, small pulpers and control valves for small and large pulpers) for naval ships. 

General Electric received $19,671,429 for replacement hot-section materials for LM2500 marine gas turbine engines. 

Huntington Ingalls received $11,865,451 for acceleration of LPD 17 Flight II ship design.

Huntron Inc. received $11,956,849 for Model 32 test instruments, accessory kits, and transit cases for Naval Undersea Warfare Center Division Newport, RI. (Includes $137,228 unnamed FMS.)

Hydroid Inc. received $12,816,907 for the bathymetry mapping system sensor suite, technical support, post mission analysis tools, software licensing, and spares. Work in Horten, Norway (85%); Pocasset, MA (15%).

Johnson Controls Navy Systems received $38,941,842 for engineering & technical services in support of research, development, testing, & evaluation (RDT&E) of shipboard air conditioning and refrigeration programs.

Lake Shore Systems Inc. (LSSI) received $14,547,102 for services (training, inspection, material, labor) to explore & resolve in-service problems associated with federal government-owned LSSI (formerly Oldenburg Group Inc.) hull and deck machinery systems to minimize down time and ensure safe operation.

Leonardo DRS received $11,844,365 for weapons elevator and stores elevator electromechanical actuator controllers, digital interfaces, equipment, and support services for Naval Surface Warfare Center.

Northrop Grumman received roughly $8,302,000 for Navy Electronic Chart and Display Information System software (ECIS SW). ECIS SW system is the primary navigation plotting system.

Raytheon received $17,607,696 for AN/SPY-3 (V)1 radar equipment conversion and restoration on Zumwalt class ships. Raytheon received $20,038,146 for circuit card assembly kits, signal processor circuit card assembly kits, and digital processor circuit card assembly kits.

Systems Application & Technologies Inc. received $39,688,979 to operate small watercraft, industrial maintenance & repair, and research and development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) project support. Includes transition, program management, operations management of Building V-47 Naval Station Norfolk reporting and safety compliance oversight.

VT Halter Marine Inc. received $77,898,158 for detail design and construction of the Auxiliary Personnel Lighter – Small.

Eight corporations [Alion Science & Technology Corp. $38,625,259; Amee Bay LLC $42,193,792; American Systems Corp. $38,369,064; Gibbs & Cox Inc. $33,953,721; L-3 Unidyne Inc. $44,042,794; Life Cycle Engineering Inc. $45,122,812; McKean Defense Group LLC $41,480,653; NDI Engineering Co. $42,555,850] received funding for technical & engineering services in support of in-service engineering roles and responsibilities for electrical power and generation systems installed on surface ships, submarines and assault craft.

NAVAL AIR SYSTEMS COMMAND (NAVAIR)

Kairos Autonomi received $8,153,599 for up to 75 each Moving Land Target (MLT) Command Control Systems, ground control stations, ground communication relay stations, GPS cables, etc. for NAVAIR Patuxent River.

Wyle Laboratories received $21,907,000 for support services aircrew to augment Naval Test Wing Atlantic/Pacific (NTWL/NTWP) squadrons to ensure completion of mission essential testing and evaluation of all NTWL/NTWP manned air vehicles at NAS Patuxent River, MD (94%); NAS Pt. Mugu, CA (5%); NAS China Lake, CA (1%) for U.S. Navy ($21,014,500; 96%); Germany ($556,000; 2.5%); Taiwan ($200,500.00; 0.9%); Greece ($115,000; 0.5%); Brazil ($21,000; 0.1%).

NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIVISION (NAWCAD)

Creare LLC received $23,817,898 for up to 22 Compact Swaging Machines (CSM) in support of the Aircraft Launch & Recovery System Recovery Program. CSM is a hydraulic system that uses up to 800 tons of pressure to swage a terminal onto an aircraft carrier purchase cable.

Frontier Technology, Inc. received $32,372,531 for technical services on “Advanced Prognostic & Health Management and Model Based Prognostic Useful Life Remaining Capabilities for Aircraft Tactical Information and Communication Systems” and “Innovative Data Anomaly Detection and Transformation for Analysis Applications.”

Saab received $8,184,781 for R&D of an X-Band Active Aperture Array radar prototype in support of the Office of Naval Research and the Office of the Secretary of Defense Foreign Comparative Testing Program. Work in Gothenburg, Sweden (80%), and East Syracuse, NY (20%).

Sierra Nevada Corp. received $10,850,638 for engineering analysis & technical services to assess and investigate hardware & software trouble reports and take corrective action re: Landing System Upgrade program for Air Traffic Control & Landing Systems at NAWCAD facilities in St. Inigoes, MD.

Ultra Electronics Advanced Tactical Systems received $47,000,000 for Joint Air Defense Systems Integrator software sustainment.

Vista Research Inc. received $36,226,053 for up to eight Vista F50-ER1 Air Surveillance Radar (ASR) systems.

NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER WEAPONS DIVISION (NAWCWD)

Computer Technology Associates Inc. received $18,535,563 for programmatic support to the Advanced Weapons Laboratory’s (AWL) Software Management Information System applications and tools. Applications include planning, estimation, risk management, event scheduling (including flight test events), anomaly tracking, project execution, project monitoring and control, and reporting at Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division, China Lake, CA.

SPACE & NAVAL WARFARE SYSTEMS COMMAND (SPAWAR)

Deloitte Consulting LLP received $8,118,024 for office support for PEO Enterprise Information Systems (PEO EIS) Navy Enterprise Networks Program Office, specifically Naval enterprise Order to Payment System.

Enterprise Services LLC received $787,318,898 for existing Next Generation Enterprise Network work throughout USA, Europe, Guam, Korea and Japan.

KOAM Engineering Systems received $23,543,089 for program management and engineering support for SSC Pacific Network Integration Engineering Facility. Work includes design, engineering, production, integration, testing of command, control, communications, computers & intelligence (C4I) systems.

For engineering services to provide Network Management Reference Implementation Laboratory software R&D, systems engineering, logistics, and test support (including integrated logistics, radar signal processing, radio frequency data acquisition, graphical user interface design, and onsite technical assistance and security), the following corporations received funding: Booz Allen Hamilton $29,535,487; G2 Software Systems Inc. $33,597,580; Integration Innovation Inc. $27,419,256; Northrop Grumman $30,282,347; Scientific Research Corp. $25,760,035.

For analysis and test engineering services to provide research, development, test, & evaluation (RDT&E) services for C5ISR and combat direction systems, Highbury Defense Group, San Diego, CA, received $32,373,744; KOAM Engineering Systems Inc., San Diego, CA, received $32,362,238; Tactical Engineering & Analysis Inc., San Diego, CA, received $36,437,112.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & THE CLOUD

Booz Allen Hamilton, CACI, SAIC, Capstone Corp., Serco received a shared $103,355,805 to provide various U.S. Navy recruiting, manpower, and training apparatuses with technical support for functions (chief information officer strategic support; data & information management; engineering support; IT system support; network support; information assurance/cyber security; “enterprise business intelligence” / enterprise business analytics; software analysis; hardware maintenance & development; and business process reengineering).

Booz Allen Hamilton received $20,016,798 for professional engineering staff support, Arlington, VA.

Booz Allen Hamilton received $8,647,532 for system engineering and technical assistance support services, Arlington, VA.

CACI received $10,407,551 for IT and information management services, Fort Detrick.

Carasoft Technology Corp. received $25,017,802 to migrate Army Enterprise System Integration Program Hub to Cloud along with managed services to accomplish their mission. General Dynamics received $22,496,620 to deliver commercial cloud services by the use of multiple cloud service providers to accelerate Navy cloud adoption. GD team members include Amazon, Beyond20, Carahsoft, Microsoft, and Minburn Technology Group.

Daylight Defense received $16,286,704 to design, develop, build, integrate, and conduct testing and evaluation of optical transceiver demonstration systems.

General Dynamics received $465,000,000 for implementation of a hardware product line.

Quanterion Solutions Inc. received $31,651,414 for the Homeland Defense & Security Information Analysis Center basic center operations. This “provides the Defense Technical Information Center centralized operation of DOD services, databases, systems, or networks for the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of scientific and technical information supporting DOD research and development, engineering, analysis, and studies programs.”

Agile Innovative Solutions JV, Barbaricum, BRTRC Federal Solutions, Delta Constellation Group, Data Systems Analysis, Integrity Applications, Naval Systems Inc., Sonalysts Inc., Systems Planning & Analysis-Envisioneering, Varen Technologies received a maximum $28,000,000,000 each for R&D for Information Analysis Center Program Management Office (DOD IAC PMO).

System Implementers Inc. received $21,500,000 for IT professional subject matter expertise at Hill AFB. Areas of expertise include enterprise architecture, engineering and services support including engineering, infrastructure architecture design, technology counsels, modernization, consolidation, hosting, business case analysis, economic analysis, analysis of alternatives, conference room pilots, and technical and program/project management support services.

Twelve corporations will compete for $1,521,531,661 for recruiting, management and administrative support services for U.S. Army program executive office enterprise information systems (PEO EIS .pdf) and human resource solutions.

Twenty corporations will provide a full range of IT services and solutions required by Defense Information Systems Agency, DOD, and other government agencies. Funding is $10,000 shared minimum and $17.5 billion shared maximum. Performance across the globe wherever IT services required.

COMMUNICATIONS

DCX-CHOL Enterprises Inc. received $13,050,285 for Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System cable assemblies. Fidelity Technologies Corp. received $14,210,683 for Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) installation kits.

Microsoft received $34,350,473 to experiment setting up a secure, reliable, measured, commercial data & voice network with access to DOD data and applications from DOD facilities (including access for mobile and remote users).

Raytheon received $61,992,392 for Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) design and engineering for U.S. Navy (86%), Australia (9%), Japan (5%).

Sierra Nevada Corp. received $7,285,595 for First Article Testing prototypes of a Medical Hands-Free Ultra-Wideband Broadcast device capable of meeting airworthiness.

ViaSat Inc. received $96,182,729 for more production to continue Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS) efforts. Purchases U.S. Navy, Air Force and MIDS Program Office, as well as Austria, Chile, Finland, Israel, Jordan, Japan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, UAE, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and U.K. This also includes purchases to NATO and all NATO nations. Data Link Solutions received $386,917,271 for a similar contract.This ceiling increase for Data Link Solutions will enable continued MIDS JTRS efforts for USA, the Department of War’s MIDS Program Office, Austria, Chile, Finland, Israel, Jordan, Japan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, UAE, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and U.K. Includes purchases to NATO and all NATO nations under the FMS program.

MICROELECTRONICS

Logistics & Technology Services received $9,000,000 for Defense Microelectronics Activity (DMEA) Facilities Maintenance & Operational Services program. Program includes preventative & corrective maintenance and operational services in and around DMEA’s campus. Photronics Idaho Inc. received $14,890,000 to establish a non-captive trusted advanced photomask source for 130 nanometer node technology for DMEA.

COMPUTING POWER

Dell received $25,701,792 for servers, hardware, network switches, operating system, database software, planning, installation, and project services at Department of War medical and dental facilities. Dell received $10,908,800 for 13,636 general purpose laptops.

Cray Inc. received $12,500,000 to increase the processing capability of the current Cray XC 40 High Performance Supercomputer in Vicksburg, MS, and to purchase 2083 additional nodes compatible with the existing system architecture. Leidos received $17,800,000 for IT services and support in Vicksburg, MS.

SATELLITE LAUNCHES

Range Generation Next received $113,047,562 for support of operations, maintenance, and sustainment on Launch & Test Range System at Vandenberg AFB and Patrick AFB. Range Generation Next received $18,713,546 for relocating communications systems to the newly constructed Eastern Range communications facility at Patrick AFB.

United Launch Services (a Lockheed Martin / Boeing joint venture) received $867,081,864 for Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) launch capability for Delta IV & Atlas V at Centennial, CO; Vandenberg AFB; Cape Canaveral AS.

SATELLITES & SPACE SUPPORT

Advanced Technology International received $400,000,000 for work on the Space Enterprise Consortium, covering prototypes for broad space-related technologies (e.g. ground segment, launch segment, space segment, software, processes, or any combination). Objectives include: minimizing barriers to entry for small businesses and non-traditional vendors to work with the Department of War and to identify & realize teaming opportunities within the U.S. war industry to promote integrated research / prototyping efficiencies and reduce cost. This is one of many ways the Pentagon co-opts small businesses.

The Aerospace Corp. (TAC) received $1,051,818,540 for Federally Funded Research & Development Center (FRDC) support in El Segundo, CA. This is for life-cycle systems engineering & integration, planning, systems definition, and technical specification support, and work on interoperability, manufacturing, and quality control. It also assists with test and evaluation, launch support, flight tests, orbital operations, and integration of space systems.

CACI received $9,709,489 for Cavalieri software (for Space Situational Awareness and Space Battle Management Command & Control).

Corp Ten International received $8,010,965 for services & materials required to support the existing surveillance Data Collection System (DCS) to include hardware, software, airtime, technical and engineering services. The existing DCS integrates all sensors & transmitters currently used in a comprehensive client-server architecture that is expandable to accommodate new sensors, transmitters, and communication systems as required.

Harris Corp. received $9,747,503 for continued space control depot support (SCDS), which supports a diverse portfolio of space control systems, including development, sustainment engineering, and ongoing logistics support.

Honeywell International received $80,112,194 for Embedded Global Positioning System and Inertial Navigation System (EGI). This includes platform integration, modernization, diminishing manufacturing sources, flight test support, technical support following integration efforts, training, engineering support / studies,or depot repair, spares, and data. Involves FMS to India, Turkey, Singapore, Oman, Canada, Italy, Sweden, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Korea, Slovenia, Israel, Egypt, Australia, Ghana, Taiwan, Kuwait, and Iraq.

KBR received $40,230,542 for Air Force Satellite Control Network Hybrid upgrades at New Hampshire Tracking Station A-Side in New Boston, NH, and Telemetry & Command Station A-Side in Oakhanger, England.

Lockheed Martin received $1,362,089,314 for engineering, space vehicle test bed & simulators, and production of GPS IIIF Space Vehicles 11 & 12 via Space & Missile System Center, Los Angeles AFB.

Lockheed Martin received $137,187,386 for operations, sustainment & factory infrastructure support for space-based infrared system, SBIRS (from 1 Oct 2018 to 30 Sept 2019) in Sunnyvale, CA; Azusa, CA; Boulder, CO; Aurora, CO; Colorado Springs, CO. Lockheed Martin received $45,430,528 for SBIRS or logistics support for studies & projects at Peterson AFB, CO; Buckley AFB, CO; Greeley Air National Guard Station, CO; Boulder, CO.

Lockheed Martin received $7,378,400 to sustain AN/UMQ-13 Meteorological Data Station MARK IV-B systems.

L3 received $9,238,925 for Agile Small-Satellite Experimental Telescope.

Northrop Grumman received $19,165,385 for on-orbit satellite and anomaly resolution support.

Pacific Defense Solutions received $39,894,065 for spacecraft object tracking and characterization capabilities.

Raytheon received $81,800,000 for Miniaturized Airborne Global Positioning System Receiver (MAGR) production and sustainment. “This will allow FMS.”

Rockwell Collins received $28,914,642 for production & repair of Defense Advanced GPS Receiver (DAGR), providing users a lightweight, hand-held, dual frequency, Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module-based and Precise Positioning Service receiver.

MISSILE DEFENSE AGENCY (MDA) & ICBM

General Dynamics received $7,658,054 for labor & material items in support of Strategic Weapons Systems Ashore, SSGN Repair, U.K. Dreadnought Trainer upgrades and training for Strategic Systems Programs.

L.C. Wright Inc. received $8,497,407 (min. $3,384,136) for Protocol Support. Protocol professionals provide support for the director and general officer / Senior Executive Service (SES) members that are geographically dispersed throughout the U.S., specifically National Capital Region; Dahlgren, VA; Huntsville, AL; Fort Greely; Vandenberg AFB; Colorado Springs, CO.

Lockheed Martin received $9,084,783 for various material items in support of Missile Service Units (MSU), consisting of the actual MSUs, bridge cranes, pads, floor inserts, access covers, transfer slings, cable assembly, adjustment pads, adjustment rods, tag line cleats, and supporting equipment.

Lockheed Martin received $103,919,058 for Trident II (D5) missile production, D5 Life Extension production, and D5 Deployed Systems Support. Lockheed Martin received $333,299,488 for Trident II (D5) Deployed Systems Support in Cape Canaveral, FL (29.06%); Sunnyvale, CA (26.58%); Kings Bay, GA (13.8%); Bangor, WA (13.64%); Denver, CO (5.14%); Titusville, FL (3.48%); Magna, UT (3.08%); Orlando, FL (1.54%); various locations (<1% each; 3.68% total).

LSINC Corp. received $38,968,314 ($13,207,721 min.) for advisory & assistance services for Human Resources in support of technical, engineering, advisory, and management support. Supports the development, implementation, sustainment, and assessment of human resources processes, procedures, plans, and policies to support MDA workforce in Huntsville, AL; Fort Belvoir; and Colorado Springs.

L3 received $10,000,000 for S-Band Mobile Array Telemetry (SMART) Antenna Component Refresh.

Northrop Grumman received $19,594,487 for electronic chart display information systems and corresponding X-Band Radar and S-Band Radar units. This equipment will replace, update, and improve MSC’s navigational capabilities.

Northrop Grumman (Orbital ATK) received $34,239,122 for three Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) target kits and support services. Northrop Grumman (Orbital ATK) received $86,387,000 for aging surveillance (AS) services, which provide motor & component test, evaluation, engineering support, and disposal for all stages of Minuteman and Peacekeeper systems at Promontory, UT; and UT’s Test and Training Range. Northrop Grumman received $289,331,060 for engineering, logistics, integration, test & evaluation, and program management to improve software & production representative hardware (presumably on the Integrated Air & Missile Defense Battle Command System).

Peraton Inc. received $11,680,714 for continued support services including critical system assessment and vulnerability services and reentry systems development support for Trident II (D5) in Colorado Springs, CO (71.1%); D.C. (22.5%); Cape Canaveral, FL (4.6%); Albuquerque, NM (1.8%).

Raytheon received $16,909,342 for receiver exciter line replaceable units in support of the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System / Precision Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased Array Weapon System (PAVE PAWS).

Textron received $11,075,000 for Minuteman III ICBM sustainment.

MISSILES, BOMBS, ROCKETS, PROJECTILES

American Ordnance received $92,341,823 for M918E1 40mm high velocity target practice cartridge. Armtec Defense Products received $35,850,854 for modular artillery charge systems M231/M232-series combustible case cartridges.

BAE Systems received $16,185,983 to repair/replace electrical circuit components and replace electrical infrastructure, Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RFAAP). BAE Systems received $96,609,852 to build a natural-gas fired steam plant at Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Kingsport, TN. BAE Systems received $59,856,516 to build a fluid energy mill at Holston Army Ammunition Plant. BAE Systems received $20,285,513 for sewer line repair and replacement at Holston Army Ammunition Plant.

Boeing received $14,073,337 for Small Diameter Bomb I (SDB) focused lethality munition production assets (weapons, shipping, storage containers).

General Dynamics received $20,471,717 for bomb bodies. General Dynamics received $19,979,953 for 120mm M1002 new production cartridges for 120mm tank training ammunition.

Lockheed Martin received $51,078,802 for Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile Extreme Range (JASSM-XR) engineering and programmatic activities.

Lockheed Martin received $49,618,289 for Joint Air-to-Ground Missiles (JAGM).

Lockheed Martin received $7,364,514 for PAC-3 missile segment enhancement and solid rocket motor dechlorane plus obsolescence.

Lockheed Martin received $289,176,455 for 24 M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) launchers, training, spares, and enhanced product improvement modifications.

Manu Kai LLC received $90,000,000 for range operations support and base operations support at Pacific Missile Range Facility, Island of Kauai, HI.

Northrop Grumman received $22,005,520 for Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM) full-rate production Lot 7 for U.S. Navy ($1,732,059; 8%) and other countries ($20,273,461; 92%, including Italy).

Northrop Grumman (Orbital ATK) and General Dynamics received a shared $1,850,000,000 for 20 mm, 25mm, 30x113mm, and 30x173mm ammunition.

Polymer Technologies and RTI Technologies received $36,320,000 for meltable fuze plug (manufacture, inspect, test, package) for 155mm artillery projectiles.

Raytheon received $7,498,680 to repair 134 HARM AGM-88B/C guidance sections, procure 12 HARM AGM-88B/C control sections, and provide associated support technical data for Air Force ($5,802,828; 77%); Navy ($1,695,852; 23%).

Raytheon received $13,465,722 for TOW 2 Subsystem engineering services.

Raytheon received $24,693,652 for AIM-9X training missiles, spares, containers, materials.

Raytheon received $19,314,871 for SM-2 and SM-6 FY2018 obsolete components and upgrade kits. Raytheon received $22,619,574 for SM-2 and SM-6 FY2018 depot- and intermediate-level provisioned items ordered spares. Raytheon received $395,549,739 for FY2017 and 2018 SM-6 full rate production requirements and spares.

Javelin JV (b/w Raytheon/Lockheed Martin) received $27,595,202 for FMS (Australia, Estonia, Lithuania, Turkey, Taiwan, Ukraine): Javelin production.

Whiting-Turnering Co. received $31,092,000 for design and construction of Chambers Field Magazine Recap, Phase I at Naval Station Norfolk.

ORDNANCE DISPOSAL

Advanced Technology International ($8,613,209) and PAE ($8,170,700) received funding for support services for Demonstration & Assessment Team, Naval Surface Warfare Center Indian Head EOD Technology Division, MD.

BAE Systems received $9,919,748 for munitions handling & management services. Involves receiving, storing, segregating, issuing, inspecting, and transporting various types of ammunition, explosives, ordnance, and weapons for Joint Service commands.

Foster-Miller Inc. received $10,878,416 for post-production support under the Man Transportable Robotic System (MTRS) MK2 robotic systems program. iRobot received $10,134,415 for services on MTRS MK1 Robotic Systems program (production units, spares, consumables, engineering enhancements, and configuration management).

SRCTEC LLC received $20,429,720 for reliability, maintainability, and improvement kits to upgrade the Duke V3 system for use in EOD. 

PREPOSITIONED STOCK

KBR received $51,866,922 for prepositioning and Marine Corps logistics support services for Blount Island Command in Jacksonville, FL (85%); aboard 12 Maritime Prepositioning Ships (12%); Norway (2%); Kuwait (1%).

LAND VEHICLES

Allison Transmission received $30,062,763 for M1 Abrams new and upgraded transmissions, sustainment kits and system technical services.

AM General received $51,302,430 for HMMWV recapitalization. AM General received $562,478,542 for HMMWV ambulance. Oshkosh Defense received $13,948,623 for fire extinguishers. Oshkosh Defense received $35,262,656 for HMMWV parts for U.S. Army. Ranger Land Systems received $15,512,732 for commercial maintenance, refurbishment, inspection, and repair of Bearcats, HMMWV, Logistics Vehicle System Replacement, 7-ton trucks, Joint Light Tactical Vehicles, aircraft rescue firefighting and tactical trailers.

BAE Systems received $215,797,886 for M109A7 Self-Propelled Howitzer and the M992A3 Carrier Ammunition Tracked vehicles. BAE Systems received $9,746,243 for system technical support services for the M109 family of vehicles.

BAE Systems received $91,176,702 for eight Bradley Fighting Vehicle (BFV) common module logic items. Honeywell received $8,578,415 for Bradley Fighting Vehicle System generators. LOC Performance received $58,838,967 for 345 Bradley Engineering Change Proposal kits and installation.

General Dynamics received $15,561,864 for vehicle spare parts.

Hydraulics International Inc. received $43,599,667 for up to 305 MHU-83D production units, truck, lift, aerial stores loaders for ordnance/store loading operations on AV-8B, F/A-18, AH-1W, AH-1Z, UH-1Y, and F-35 B/C.

JCB Inc. received $72,757,904 for High Mobility Engineer Excavator Type-1 vehicles.

Leonardo DRS received $19,868,043 for Intelligent Video Surveillance and initial spares packages.

Leonardo DRS received $112,777,000 for Maintenance Support Device Version 4 Light maintenance, accessories and support services.

L-3 received $43,008,895 for 184 Hydro Mechanically Propelled Transmissions for Bradley and Multiple Launch Rocket Systems and ancillary hardware.

MACRO-Z-Technology Co. received $8,762,000 to repair vehicle wash racks at JB Lewis-McChord, WA.

Navistar Defense received $13,416,393 for cargo troop carriers, contractor spare parts, special tools, operator and maintenance training, and workshop repair manuals, laptop computer, and contractor publications.

Northrop Grumman received $11,284,790 for additional provisioning spares to support ongoing Ground/Air Task Oriented Radar (GATOR) Gallium Nitride efforts in support of PEO Land Systems, Quantico, VA.

Ruta Supplies Inc. received $15,241,323 for pneumatic supplies.

Tru Hitch Inc. received $10,675,995 for XM20 fifth wheel towing recovery devices, XM1250 tilt deck recovery trailers, field light kits, and winch control kits.

SMALL ARMS & LIGHT WEAPONRY (SALW)

American Ordnance LLC received $23,178,756 for Mine Clearing Line Charge systems.

Day & Zimmermann received $10,375,695 for M67 fragmentation hand grenades.

FN America LLC received $7,190,077 for machine gun barrels.

Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS (KDA) received $498,289,506 for continued production, sustainment and engineering services for the M153 CROWS.

Nammo Talley Inc. received $135,060,000 for the Bunker Defeat Munition, XM808 Subcaliber Trainer, and the Field Handling Trainer.

U.S. Ordnance received $13,499,098 to procure M60 weapon systems, spare barrels, conversion kits, training, and spare parts.

Bryan Construction received $14,796,430 to build a combat arms facility at McConnell AFB, KS. LS Black Constructors received $7,634,890 to build an indoor small arms range at the Saint Paul Air Reserve Station, MN. Watermark Environmental Inc. received $9,318,087 to build a small arms range located at Westover Air Reserve Base, MA, Chicopee, MA.

Nation Ford Chemical received $34,400,000 for specialty dyes for M18 smoke grenades.

GEAR & EQUIPMENT

Airborne Systems North America received $9,575,711 for Advanced Tactical Parachute System.

Avox Systems Inc. received $7,075,107 for Joint Service Aircrew Mask – Rotary Wing mask protective unit mask systems and spares.

Carter Enterprises received $7,508,923 for ballistic battle belt. Carter Enterprises received $24,177,388 for improved Generation IV outer tactical vests. Federal Prison Industries received $110,231,607 for interceptor body armor and outer tactical vests.

Leonardo DRS received $292,091,753 for maintenance support device version four Rugged/Marine Configuration (MSD V4R), Semi-Rugged (MSD V4S), (MSD V4-R/S).

North American Manufacturing received maximum $30,000,000 for military folding cots.

Provengo LLC received maximum $9,085,675 for up 8,005 Military Ski Systems (MSS). MSS will replace the current ski in the Marine Corps inventory and will provide the Marine Corps with a universal ski binding.

Seattle Lighthouse for the Blind received $33,204,950 for multi-purpose personal hydration systems and components.

Syracuse Research Corp. received $93,000,000 for AN/TPQ-49A Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar System. FMS (10%).

Vertical Protective Apparel received $62,612,464 for up to 225,886 Plate Carrier Generation IIIs and data reports for USMC.

OLD ELECTRONICS

AECOM (URS) received $25,000,000 in support of Naval Tactical Computer Resource (NTCR) program for reutilization, repair, or refurbishment of legacy electronic equipment. Types of equipment being reutilized or refurbished include: combat system displays, computer systems, peripheral systems, and videocassette tape recorders.

RANGE FINDER & TARGET LOCATION DEVICE

Leonardo DRS received $231,467,028 for lightweight laser designator rangefinder.

CLOTHING

Bethel Industries received $65,320,000 for flame resistant ACU trousers. Bluewater Defense (Corazol, Puerto Rico) received $12,315,000 for ACU coats and trousers.

Carter Industries Inc. received $8,517,755 for various types of coveralls. Coachys & Associates LLC received $12,499,907 for camouflage parkas.

Creighton AB Inc. received $19,918,381 for various Navy men’s shirts for USAF.

Pentaq Manufacturing Corp. (Sabana Grande, Puerto Rico) received $32,908,000 for various coats and trousers.

EDUCATION & TRAINING

Advancia Technologies received $20,054,685 for role players at 11 active duty and reserve Fleet Marine Force training locations.

Alpha-Omega Change Engineering received $44,738,911 for academic and simulator formal training and continuation training for multiple mission design series at Kirtland AFB, Davis-Monthan AFB, JB Andrews, Moody AFB.

American Rheinmetall Munition received $59,703,284 for up 2,135,026 MK281 MOD 3 40MM high velocity day/night practice cartridges. MK281 MOD 3 cartridges are for training under day and night/low-light conditions.

Bering Straits Technical Services received $13,335,173 for operations, maintenance, and sustainment of training areas, 413th Combat Support Battalion, Fort Wainwright.

Boeing received $9,202,568,686 for Advanced Pilot Training aircraft and ground-based training systems.

CAE USA received $25,352,844 for fixed-wing courses, academic and flight simulator, flight training and support in Dothan, AL, just east of Fort Rucker.

Creative Times Dayschool received $20,264,866 to build classrooms, conference rooms, training space, instructor offices, supply rooms, administrative space, elevator, building information systems, and covered training area (General Instruction Building), Tucson, AZ.

Delaware Resource Group received $12,675,528 for Pacific Air Forces Distributed Mission Operations/Live, Synthetic and Blended Operational Training environment. Allows aircrew to practice basic & emergency procedures and experience weapon-systems and hone skills to operate in a combat environment.

Dynamic Systems Technology received $7,794,248 to help the quality of life and resilience of Army National Guard children and youth by providing support services and age-appropriate development programs in Arlington, VA.

DynCorp received $173,174,040 for maintenance and logistics on 16 T-34, 54 T-44, and 287 T-6 aircraft. 

Eastern Construction & Electric received $11,905,555 to construct an addition to the B2324 MX training facility at JB McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst. Harper Construction Co. received $44,127,541 for basic training Starship Barracks Building 6007 at Fort Sill, OK.

Flight Safety International received $40,730,664 for one AH-1Z and one UH-1Y flight training device (FTD). Also provides technical refreshes for 4 FTD.

Jacobs received $10,000,000 for planning, design, and construction phase services in support of Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA). NCS Technologies received $15,844,337 for life-cycle replacement of laptop & desktop computers with storage carts to be delivered to multiple DODEA schools and offices in U.S., Europe, and the Pacific.

L3 received $202,936,338 for maintenance, logistics, and engineering on Navy T-45 aircraft, aircraft systems, and related support equipment for flight and test & evaluation operations at NAS Kingsville (45.7%); NAS Meridian (41.7%); NAS Pensacola (10.1%); NAS Patuxent River (2.5%). L3 received $16,332,950 for maintenance, repair, logistics on training aircraft at NAS Pensacola (50%), NAS Corpus Christi (45%), NAS Whiting Field (5%).

Northrop Grumman received $61,060,108 for mission command training program (MCTP) work and activities at Fort Leavenworth, KS.

Oak Grove Technologies received $18,019,000 for squad advanced marksmanship training.

Tuva LLC received $8,999,621 for 100 Mobile Training Suites (MTS) in support of Global Combat Support System-Marine Corps (GCSS-MC). The kits are a combination of equipment, software, databases, documentation, and procedures. Kits used in the training of GCSS-MC users and key personnel in locations where network connectivity to the enterprise training environment is not available.

URS Group received $44,246,994 to build a New Consolidated Squadron Operations, Academic and Flight Training Building at NAS Corpus Christi. The Department of War justifies and expedites this construction as “global contingency construction.”

Web Business Solutions received $70,553,538 to provide support for the Command and Control Training and Education Center of Excellence. Camp Pendleton, CA (27%); Quantico, VA (23%); Camp Lejeune, NC (17%); Okinawa, Japan (16%); Twenty-nine Palms, CA (10%); Marine Corps Base HI (7%).

FORCE PROTECTION

Q.B.S. Inc. received $7,041,017 to replace Building 546 Navy Foundry & Propeller Center Compound perimeter fencing at Philadelphia Navy Yard Annex.

Sagres Construction received $10,980,000 for a protective barrier ornamental fence and associated access gates and construction of approximately 9,600 LF of an 8 ft. perimeter ornamental security fence at Fort Myer, VA.

White Mountain Construction received $14,850,000 for construction of Entry Control Facility, Clear Air Force Station, AK.

3e Technologies International received $16,620,671 for continued implementation of a facilities critical infrastructure control and monitoring system interface to the Navy Virtual Perimeter Monitoring System.

CBRNE

GP Strategies Corp. received $13,356,046 to operate & maintain logistics and chemical demilitarization training facility, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

Leidos received $12,989,305 for systemization, operations, and support management of pilot testing, systemization, operations, and closure of chemical demilitarization facilities to destroy chemical weapons stockpiles.

Eight corporations will compete for $249,000,000 to provide resources in support of the Joint PEO for Chemical & Biological Defense to include its headquarters, directorates and five joint project managers. Six corporations will compete $249,000,000 for resources in support of the Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical & Biological Defense to include its headquarters, directorates and five joint project manager.

DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY (DTRA)

Culmen International received $150,000,000 (max.) for Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program, worldwide. CTR mission “is to partner with willing countries to reduce threat from weapons of mass destruction and related materials, technologies, facilities, and expertise.”

Raytheon received $7,542,049 for Task Order 12 Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation Prevention Program on the Jordan Border Security Project. URS Federal Services received $42,825,276 for technical services in Vietnam to support the Weapons of Mass Destruction – Proliferation Prevention Program run by Defense Threat Reduction Agency out of Fort Belvoir.

Summit Technologies Inc., Analytic Services Inc., The Tauri Group, Information International Associates, Battelle Memorial Institute received a shared $27,866,000 to provide professional services in the areas of CBRN defense and countering WMD operational and risk analysis.

FUEL & ENERGY

Amports Inc. received $16,676,897 for aviation jet fuel.

BAE Systems received $13,488,069 to design a new energy center allowing for complete isolation from a legacy coal-fired powerhouse and incorporating it into a natural gas-fired package boiler facility, Rock Island Arsenal, IL.

Georgia Power received $9,798,186 for energy project Utility Energy Service, Warner Robins, GA.

Helix Electric Inc. received $21,160,000 for power grid consolidation at the Pacific Missile Range Facility, Kekaha, Kauai, HI.

Koontz Electric Company Inc. received $8,369,963 for two forced gas-cooled and forced air-cooled type and class GDAF transformers.

Lykins Oil Co., ($22,925,649), Fannon Petroleum Services ($9,084,858), Petroleum Traders ($9,052,780) received funding for various types of fuel.

Mississippi Department of Rehabilitation Services received $7,397,000 for full food services at Keesler AFB.

Noresco LLC received $30,799,190 for energy improvements at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, HI. 

FUEL TRANSPORT

American Petroleum Tankers received $32,850,000 to provide U.S. flagged Jones Act Tanker M/T Empire State for worldwide transportation of petroleum products. U.S Marine Management Inc. received $10,545,649 for one U.S. flagged Jones Act Tanker, M/T Maersk Peary for transportation of petroleum products in support of Operation Deep Freeze. Schuyler Lines Navigation Co. received $16,425,000 for the Far East Tanker SLNC Goodwill.

AERIAL REFUELING

CAE USA Inc. received $32,554,415 to extend the KC-135 Aircraft Training System. Overseas work at Kadena Air Base, Japan; Ramstein Air Base, Germany; RAF Mildenhall, England.  LGC Global received $13,810,000 to renovate KC-135 aircraft hangar, Columbus, OH.

Omega Aerial Refueling Services received $41,586,391 for aerial refueling services to DOD and FMS during missions ranging from basic training to multi-national exercises.

Olgoonik Logistics LLC received $15,689,017 for alongside aircraft refueling services at Naval Base Ventura County Point Mugu and received $16,831,518 for alongside aircraft refueling services at Naval Air Facility El Centro. JV Global Logistics LLC received $19,362,000 (max.) for alongside aircraft refueling services at NAS Patuxent River, MD.

UTILITIES

American States Utility Services received $81,380,241 for additional services for the water and wastewater utility systems at Fort Riley, KS. American Water Military Services received $590,702,920 for ownership, operation, and maintenance of water & wastewater systems at Fort Leonard Wood, MO.

City of Aberdeen, Maryland received $10,469,784 for water and wastewater utility capital improvements, Aberdeen Proving Ground.

City Light & Power received $485,443,670 for ownership, operation, and maintenance of electric distribution systems at JB Lewis-McChord, WA. Dominion Privatization SC LLC received $142,280,462 for ownership, operation and maintenance of the electric distribution system at Fort Jackson.

ONE Gas Inc. received $102,561,964 for ownership, operation & maintenance of the natural gas distribution system at Fort Riley, KS. South Carolina Electric & Gas Co. received $33,658,296 for ownership, operation, and maintenance of natural gas distribution at Fort Jackson, SC.

Constellation NewEnergy received $8,219,513 to supply and deliver retail electricity and ancillary / incidental services. Using customers are Customs & Border Protection, Department of Labor, and Department of Energy.

North Star Construction received $9,749,650 for 60KV power lines, Beale AFB.

MEDICAL EQUIPMENT

American Purchasing Services received $49,500,000 for hospital equipment and accessories. I Miller Precision Optical Instruments received $10,000,000 for hospital equipment and accessories. Kforce Government Solutions received $48,500,000 for hospital equipment and accessories. Spacelabs Healthcare Inc. received $13,460,681 for patient monitoring systems, subsystems, accessories, consumables and training.

MEDICAL SERVICES

General Dynamics received $12,190,571 to support all aspects of the U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity, Fort Detrick, MD.

STS Solutions & Training received $12,705,123 for programming constructs for facilities, equipment, staffing, and programs that “serve to enhance the individual adaptation of healthy lifestyle behavior.” Work in Aberdeen, MD, for Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, Fort Detrick.

Vysnova Partners Inc. received $38,000,000 for research support for Naval Medical Research Unit-2 (NAMRU-2) located in Singapore. Research throughout Southeast Asia for Naval Medical Logistics Command, Fort Detrick.

Leidos received $7,088,170 to support the Defense Health Agency Prevention Program as the lead office of HIV/AIDS support to partner militaries. “Provides assistance to selected foreign militaries in adapting, and providing, HIV/AIDS prevention programs… Assists selected foreign countries in developing military and culturally appropriate interventions to affect high-risk HIV/AIDS attitudes and behaviors.”

Donald L. Mooney Enterprises received $13,500,000 for licensed vocational nurse and certified nurse assistant services. Matrix Providers received $7,385,915 for nursing services in Honolulu, HI. MedTrust LLC received $13,500,000 for registered nursing services.

Noveome Biotherapeutics Inc. received $9,655,000 for research into the treatment of ocular trauma, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD. Laboratory Corp. of America received $46,371,667 for clinical reference laboratory testing services.

World Wide Technology received $10,395,411 for hardware, software, and installation for Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, Fort Sam Houston.

Genentech USA received $16,826,250 for Oseltamivir Phosphate (Tamiflu).

Med-Turn Inc. and Return R Us received $45,000,000 for pharmaceutical reverse distribution services.

3M received $9,039,841 for a dictation and transcription software product.

DENTAL

Complete Mobile Dentistry Inc. received $15,074,309 and $10,579,768 for dental services. Patterson Dental received $48,000,000 for consumable dental items. BEAT LLC and QED Systems received $11,587,255 for Dental Digital Imaging (DDI) systems for various Naval Dental Treatment Facilities. 

POST-DEPLOYMENT

Leidos Inc. received $57,752,791 for research support services to examine the effects of deployments and career experiences on the overall physical and mental health of service members and their families.

TRANSPORTATION 

Barney A Cagle, Nav Systems Inc., and two separate Northrop Grumman divisions shared $12,800,975 for systems & service of Military Sealift Command (MSC) vessels’ bridge electronic communication equipment, steering gear, navigation equipment, and various safety systems.

Gannett Fleming received $18,899,300 for traffic engineering analysis services & analysis, traffic engineering publications, training materials, tools & traffic studies to Army’s Surface Deployment & Distribution Command, Camp Hill, PA.

JAR Assets LLC received $9,115,290 for transportation of bulk jet fuel and marine diesel fuel by barge for USTRANSCOM. 1st Coast Cargo received $21,985,403 for continued services for advanced traceability and control of consolidated transportation shipments to move DOD freight, USTRANSCOM.

Sealift Inc. received $12,421,315 for the U.S. flagged vessel MV LTC John U. D. Page for prepositioning & transportation of cargo. Sealift Inc. received $9,581,250 for the U.S. flagged vessel MV SSG Edward A. Carter Jr. for prepositioning and transportation of cargo. These vessels are employed in worldwide trade for the transportation and prepositioning of cargo (including, but not limited to, hazardous cargo, explosives, ammunition, vehicular, containerized, and general cargo).

Crowley Government Services received $14,126,636 for the operation and maintenance of five roll-on/roll-off and container ships. U.S. Marine Management received $34,774,265 for operation and maintenance of seven USNS Bob Hope Class Surge Large, Medium-Speed Roll-On/Roll-Off vessels for MSC.

Marine Corps Systems Command and Crowley Government Services received $48,746,282 for operation & maintenance of six government-owned Marine Prepositioning Force (MPF) ships in support of worldwide prepositioning.

ENVIRONMENTAL – SAN FRANCISCO

APTIM Federal Services received $15,764,049 for Radiological Confirmation Sampling and Survey at Parcels D-2, Utility Corridor (UC)-1, UC-2, and UC-3 at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco.  APTIM Federal Services received $12,022,779 for Parcel G Radiological Characterization at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard. Gilbane Federal received $11,192,881 for Phase IV Non-Time Critical Removal Action (NTCRA) for Solid Waste Disposal Area Westside, Installation Restoration (IR) Site 12 at Naval Station Treasure Island, San Francisco. Gilbane Federal received $9,299,640 for Parcel B Radiological Characterization at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco. Gilbane Federal received $12,358,033 for Parcel C radiological characterization at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, CA.

ENVIRONMENTAL

Cape Environmental Management received $7,716,908 for perform remediation of sites at the former Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant in De Soto, KS. McLaughlin Research Corp. received $16,273,571 for environmental services in Newport, RI, for Naval Undersea Warfare Center. Pacific Commercial Services received $10,000,000 for all services necessary for final treatment/disposal of hazardous waste “in accordance with all local, state, and Federal regulations, to include DOD component directives” within NAVFAC Pacific. R8I Cabrera Remediation & Construction received $25,000,000 for continued support of environmental remediation program. The Solution Foundry received $43,000,000 for environmental management system consulting services, training, planning requirements, budgeting, effective implementation, operation, and management review.

Vernadero Group received $30,000,000 (max.) for desert tortoise translocation, monitoring, and management support at Twentynine Palms.

FOOD SERVICES

Coast Citrus Distributors received $456,000,000 for fresh fruits and vegetables. Oakes Farms Food & Distribution Services received $45,000,000 for fresh fruits and vegetables.

Global Connections to Employment received $13,028,622 for full food and mess attendant services in support of NAS Pensacola; Navy EOD School Elgin AFB; mess attendant services in support of Naval Construction Battalion Center, Gulfport. Labatt Food Service received $9,954,437 for full-line food distribution. Nova Global Supply & Services received $92,000,000 for full-line food distribution.

Goodwill Industries Southeastern WI received $80,004,557 to provide food and logistics support services for tenant activities within Naval Station Great Lakes.

Sodexco Management Inc. received $7,185,547 for nutrition care management, supervisory, technical, administrative and clerical services necessary to perform nutrition care food services at multiple locations.

Southeastern Paper Group received $13,038,663 for miscellaneous operating supplies and paper bags for multiple commissary stores in the continental U.S., Puerto Rico and the Pacific Theater.

Sodexo received $8,071,688 for Marine Corps Regional Garrison Food Services.

State Licensing Agency, South Carolina Commission received $19,047,036 for food service management, production, and headcounter services, Fort Jackson.

DOMESTIC BASE SUPPORT – Base operations (a.k.a. base support services) usually involve a combination of: facility management, fire & emergency services, grounds maintenance, janitorial services, pavement clearance, pest control, port operations, utilities, vehicles & equipment service, and waste management.

Chugach Federal Solutions received $19,495,814 for operations & maintenance of installation infrastructure, utilities, services, and airfields capable of receiving emergency aircraft diverts within 30 minutes notice for Eareckson Air Station, King Salmon Airport, and Wake Island Airfield.

Jacobs received $30,637,699 for base operations support at Naval Station Mayport, Marine Corps Support Facility Blount Island, and outlying areas.

JT4 LLC received $222,100,000 for updated technical performance requirements and for range engineering services at Edwards AFB, Nellis AFB, Hill AFB, and Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division ranges at China Lake & Point Mugu.

Mancon LLC received $92,000,000 for supplies, including office supplies/equipment, janitorial and sanitation items, industrial hardware, galley supplies/equipment, safety supplies/equipment, and tactical supplies/equipment, along with store operation services at the Norfolk Super Servmart.

Opportunities & Resources Inc. received $9,631,719 for custodial services at various locations on Oahu.

PAE Applied Technologies received $17,770,204 for operations and maintenance services in support of the Southern California Offshore Range.

Professional Contract Services received $26,094,950 for labor and supplies necessary to manage and operate Fort Sill Directorate of Public Works buildings and structure maintenance, utility systems operation, HVAC and dining facility.

QuantiTech Inc. received $47,352,975 for Technical & Management Advisory Services range support: additional research, development, test and evaluation, and acquisition support at Eglin AFB, FL; Arnold AFB, TN; Holloman AFB, NM; Hill AFB, UT; Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; JB Pearl Harbor-Hickam, HI; Eielson AFB.

Shearwater Mission Support received $7,264,819 for installation support services at Yuma Proving Ground, AZ.

Skookum Educational Programs received $29,214,362 for base operations support at various installations in NAVFAC Northwest.

Tidewater Inc. received $9,000,000 for facility maintenance in northern California (including service calls, preventative maintenance, inspection, testing and certification, and repairs). Tidewater received $9,000,000 for the same services in southern California.

OVERSEAS BASE SUPPORT

Range Generation Next LLC received $502,224,668 for engineering and technical services in Huntsville, AL, and Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands.

SupplyCore Inc. received $80,000,000 for facilities maintenance, repair and operations items. Work in Illinois and South Korea.

CONSULTING, ADMIN, LOGISTICS & BUSINESS/OFFICE SUPPORT

Accent Controls Inc. received $7,694,857 for warehousing and distribution support services. Peckham Vocational Industries received $42,000,000 for warehousing, storage, logistics and distribution functions. Interstate Storage & Pipeline received $42,888,271 for contractor-owned, contractor-operated storage and handling facilities.

Alion Science & Technology received $49,803,941 for professional support services for Naval Sea Systems Command 21, surface warfare directorate. Services help manage modernization, maintenance, training, and inactivation programs. Includes program management, engineering, logistics, planning and readiness, and financial management support services.

Bevilacqua Research Corp. received $36,081,359 for Technical and Management Advisory Services Platforms support: additional research, development, test & evaluation, and acquisition support services in Eglin AFB, Duke Field, Hurlburt Field, Nellis AFB, Tinker AFB, Edwards AFB.

Cherokee Nation Management & Consulting received $22,000,000 for civil engineering support services at Eglin AFB, FL.

DCS Corp. received $16,252,479 for Technical and Management Advisory Services Electronic Warfare support: additional research, development, test & evaluation, and acquisition support services at Eglin AFB and Edwards AFB. Involves FMS to Belgium, Greece, Iraq, South Korea, Morocco, NATO, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan.

DirectViz Solutions received $7,429,544 for Joint Service Provider with technical, analytical, management, and professional support services for Identity Protection Management Services.

Torch Technologies received $44,456,840 for Technical & Management Advisory Services Armament support: additional research, development, technical, test and evaluation, and acquisition support in Eglin AFB, Kirkland AFB, Wright-Patterson AFB.

Total Logistics received $20,590,045 for additional planning, analysis, development, training, support equipment management, facilities and execution in support of NAVAIR’s Industrial and Logistics Management Planning / Sustainment Department (AIR 6.7), Patuxent River, MD.

FINANCES

CACI received $9,202,730 for support of project management, integrated personnel and pay system-Army increment II. CACI received $8,263,803 for continued sustainment and development support for the Defense Personal Property System, Scott AFB.

Deloitte & Touche LLP received $7,735,557 for Defense Finance & Accounting Service (DFAS) audit reconciliation support services to Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) and other agencies.

Ernst & Young LLP received $24,026,244 for audit support services.

OVERSEAS CONSTRUCTION

Black Construction Corp. received $82,028,150 to design/build an aircraft maintenance facility and corrosion control hangar, Joint Region Marianas (JRM).

Conti Federal Services received $20,575,002 for roof repairs and replacement of Virgin Islands Army National Guard, Kingshill, Virgin Islands.

GHD Setiadi Kaula AE JV received $40,000,000 for base infrastructure projects and other projects primarily in Guam & Northern Marianas (70%); Australia (20%); Hawai’i (10%).

Siemens received $171,543,614 for energy improvements at NAS Sigonella, Naval Station Rota, and Naval Support Activity Naples.

TFS-APTIM JV received $21,445,996 to build a fuel truck offload facility at Andersen AFB, Guam. 

DOMESTIC INFRASTRUCTURE

Abhe & Svoboda Inc. received $10,529,858 for dam service and bridge repairs, Rock Island, IL.

AECOM received $40,648,775 for lock chamber replacement, foundation preparation for the land and river wall, and to build the upstream river wall, Chattanooga, TN.

Alltech Engineering, Abide International, BCI Construction USA received a shared $30,000,000 to repair and replace dam components.

BCI Construction USA received $13,731,375 for headworks intake lifting equipment, Lancaster, TN; Celina, TN; Jamestown, KY.

Carbro Constructors Corp. received $12,278,324 for construction for segment C2 of the Green Brook Flood Risk Management Project located in Middlesex, NJ.

Citi Approved Enterprise received $13,195,792 for Atchafalaya Basin floodway, Boeuf Lock, Morgan City, LA.

C.J. Mahan Construction Co. received $35,495,500 for demolition and removal of Lock and Dam 52 in Brookport, IL.

Del Valle Group S.P. (Toa Baja, Puerto Rico) received $14,294,000 for dam, spillway and channel reinforcement in Isabella, Puerto Rico.

Flatiron/Dragados/Sukut JV received $36,695,695 for the auxiliary spillway for the Isabella Lake Dam safety project and the demolition of several downstream monoliths in the Borel Outlet Works through the auxiliary dam, filling the Borel Outlet, Lake Isabella, CA. RAL Investment (Silverstand Construction) received $21,434,551 for construction of a dike on the Santa Ana River, Corona, CA. Raito/Great Lakes E&I JV received $7,884,517 for constructing a cutoff wall and reconstructing the degraded embankment of Marysville Ring Levee, CA.

General Constructors Inc. of the Quad Cities received $10,405,500 to repair Mississippi River basin, Lock and Dam 14, and dock wall, Pleasant Valley, IA.

Heeter Geotechnical Construction received $28,260,132 for construction for Kentucky lock downstream excavation, Grand Rivers, KY.

Husman Environmental & RC Construction JV received $16,780,000 for Semmes Lake dam rebuild, Fort Jackson, SC.

IMCO General Construction received $10,512,500 for replacement of the Stoney Gate Valve System at Hiram M. Chittenden Locks, Seattle, WA.

J.F. Brennan Co. received $9,759,800 for bulkhead recesses on the Illinois River Basin.

Johnson Machine Works received $12,627,614 for supply of miter gates for Lock and Dam 5A, and Locks 8 and 10, Chariton, IA.

Trumbull Corp. and Brayman Construction received $30,493,914 to build Charleroi locks and dam & river chamber completion, Monongahela River, Monessen, PA.

URS Group Inc. received $18,760,919 for phase two of Hurricane Harvey repairs at NAS, Corpus Christi.

Young’s General Contracting received $9,863,432 for the construction of 17,400 linear feet of clay-lined earthen canal with levee embankments, 12 gravity-operated farmer offtakes, two concrete siphon structures, one pump type turnout structure, and associated grading and local drainage work.

DOMESTIC AIRFIELD REHABILITATION

Coffman Specialties received $15,845,000 for airfield pavement repairs at March Air Reserve Base. Digitized Schematic Solutions received $12,000,000 for additional Airfield Damage Repair (ADR) kits. MEB Generalors Inc. received $50,257,000 for aircraft apron airfield site improvements, JB Langley, Fort Eustis. Quality Enterprises USA received $20,000,000 for asphalt paving and concrete work at Parris Island and MCAS Beaufort. Webb Electric Co. of Florida received $16,460,695 to work on Airfield Lighting projects, Scott AFB, IL.

ARCHITECT-ENGINEERING SERVICES

Burns & McDonnell Engineering Co. received $20,000,000 for architect engineer general design services. Burgess & Niple-Heapy LLC, Stantec Consulting Services Inc., Garver LLC received $10,000,000 for architectural and engineering services. GWWO Inc. received $10,000,000 for architect-engineering services. Innova Architects and WJA Design Collaborative received $9,500,000 for architectural and engineering services, Fairchild AFB, WA. Jacobs received maximum $30,000,000 for multi-discipline architect-engineering services in NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic. KZF Design Inc. received $10,000,000 for architect-engineering services. Schenkel & Shultz Inc. received $10,000,000 for architect-engineering services. Tetra Tech received $10,000,000 for architect-engineer services for civil works projects. Zyscovich Inc. received $10,000,000 for architect-engineering services. Seven corporations will compete for $49,000,000 for architect and engineering services for survey and mapping. Woolpert Inc. received $10,000,000 for architect-engineering services. Five construction corporations received a shared $50,000,000 for architectural and engineering service efforts to Headquarters Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC).

DOMESTIC CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING

AECOM received $48,000,000 for quality-assurance services responding to the district’s large number of complex civil works projects. AECOM, Burns & McDonnell, Jacobs, and Michael Baker International will compete for $44,000,000 for military design and interagency and international services. A. Epstein & Sons International Inc. received $148,500,000 for general construction services.

Alan Shintani received $10,689,000 for renovations at Schofield Barracks, HI. Architects Pacific Inc. received $15,000,000 for design, engineering, specification writing, cost estimating, and related services at various locations in NAVFAC Hawaiii. Ex: replace the roof on Pacific Air Forces Wing Headquarters Building 1102H at JB Pearl Harbor-Hickam. Insight Pacific LLC received $10,833,274 for repair of warehouse Buildings 404B and 406B at Joint Base Pearl Harbor – Hickam. Pagoda-Broadway JV received $20,157,000 to repair north drainage, secondary electrical lines and telecommunications, Pohakuloa Training Area, HI.

Ashford Leebcor Enterprises II received $25,000,000 for a wide variety of renovation, repair and minor construction projects. CCI Construction Services LLC received $60,000,000 for construction, labor, equipment, materials, supplies and parts to repair real property facilities and structures.

Benaka Inc. received $42,654,933 for renovations to Vermont National Guard Buildings 130, 131, 132, 160 and 360. Eleven corporations will share $10,000,000 for construction projects to support the Tennessee National Guard.

Bristol Primeors, C3/SMR JV LLC, Gonzalez De La Garza, RCO-Ross Group JV, Waldrop Construction, Weil Construction received a shared $150,000,000 for construction at Sheppard AFB, TX; Altus AFB, OK; Frederick Airfield, OK; Lake Texoma Annex, TX. Hensel Phelps Construction received $143,158,000 for Bureau of Engraving and Printing Western Currency facility expansion project, Fort Worth, TX. McGoldrick Construction Services Corp. received $14,847,000 for facility repair to Building 9085, San Antonio, TX. United Excel Corp. received $40,137,541 for construction project in San Antonio, TX, that includes: abatement of hazardous materials, demolition of the old Wilford Hall and support buildings, relocation of the communications infrastructure and the construction of new surface parking and green areas, complete with storm drain and detention features.

CH2M Hill Constructors received $14,186,330 for recovery and repair following a natural disaster at Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany, GA.

Cox Construction received $32,416,000 for design, bid, build and construction of a new 800-member Army Reserve Center, Fallbrook, CA. Eco & Associates received $9,800,000 for construction management services primarily for large scale Veterans Administration projects throughout California. Harper Construction Co. received $34,355,931 to build Ammunition Supply Point Upgrade Phase 2 at Camp Pendleton. Lead Builders Inc. received $7,890,000 for hangar repairs and upgrades, Edwards AFB. Marco-Z-Technology Co. received $14,975,000 to build a 31,800 sq. ft., two-story academic facility, March Air Reserve Base, CA.

EMR Inc. received $7,137,000 for repairs and modifications to Building 484, Naval Support Activity, Panama City. EMR Inc. received $15,990,000 for an addition on a commissary at NAS Pensacola. RORE Inc. received $11,710,102 for consolidating the Sheet Metal Shop into Building 155 at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. Speegle Construction received $8,007,902 for design and construction of a new 10,134 sq. ft. two-story addition at Eglin AFB, FL. URS Group received $31,786,932 for construction of Phase 2 of Hurricane Irma repairs at Naval Station Mayport and NAS Jacksonville. 

Four Tribes Construction Services received $9,570,862 to expand the Base Expeditionary Airfield Resource Complex, Holloman AFB, by constructing concrete storage pads and repairing existing infrastructure.

  1. E. Johnson Construction received $7,741,573 for design and construction of a 3,000 sq. ft., single-story structure, and demolition of an existing approximate 2,300 sq. ft., single-story structure.

G-W Management Services received $8,906,365 to repair the chapel exterior at the U.S. Naval Academy. J. Kokolakis Contracting received $52,494,000 for renovation of Grant Barracks building, West Point, NY. FOS Development Corp. received $10,219,500 to build Eisenhower Hall phase III renovation, West Point, NY. Tutor Perini Corp. received $28,464,035 for repairs to the basketball arena and Cadet Field House and to install components of the geothermal system at the U.S. Air Force Academy.

Hourigan Construction Corp. received $21,262,656 for design & construction of a Small Arms Testing & Evaluation Center (SATEC) at Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story. RQ Construction received $64,705,500 for the design and construction of an academic and applied instruction facility for ship repair training at Norfolk Naval Shipyard. Miami Technology Solutions received $10,999,310 for road repairs at Arlington National Cemetery. Lobar Inc. received $11,968,000 for restoration and modernization of Building 328, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. Grunley Construction received $25,977,000 to design & build an Operational Archives and Research Facility at Washington Navy Yard for Naval History & Heritage Command.

HHI Corp. received $18,943,387 to construct an ammunition inspection repair and repacking facility, ammunition storehouse, earth-covered magazines, igloo-style storage, and open storage area, Fort Carson, CO. Jjbrun JV LLC received $11,396,361 to design and construct an ambulatory care center, dental addition and alteration to existing clinic at Schriever AFB, CO.

Messer Construction received $8,650,000 for design and replacement of a process cooling tower (Building 18 Complex), Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.

The Nutmeg Companies Inc. received $15,220,035 to repair and renovate Building 449, Medical Homeport Clinic at Naval Submarine Base New London.

Ranco Construction Inc. received $11,509,275 for fuel cell and corrosion facility project, Egg Harbor Township, NJ.

Ritz Construction received $7,193,360 for building renovations.

Sauer Inc. received $31,409,000 for barracks renovation (Buildings 2044 and 2045), Fort Polk, LA. Sauer Inc. received $34,452,000 for barracks renovation (Buildings 2272 and 2277) in Fort Polk, LA. Sauer Inc. received $32,973,953 to build a Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (BEQ) at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. This will require the demolition of Buildings M309, M316, M318 and M321.

Turner Construction received $27,223,895 for renovation of Army primary standards lab, Huntsville, AL.

Five corporations received a shared $49,900,000 for industrial paint and structural repair, USACE Omaha, NE.

Six construction companies received $33,000,000 for design and construction services within the NAVFAC Washington Integrated Product Team (IPT) Gold.

Six construction corporations received a shared $67,796,801 for various construction related efforts. Six construction corporations received a shared $40,000,000 for various construction related efforts. Six construction corporations received funding $99,000,000 max. for construction projects located primarily within NAVFAC Southeast. Seven corporations will compete for $475,000,000 for operations and maintenance, incidental repair and minor construction to support the Army Medical Command facilities.

DREDGING

Amherest Madison Inc. received $18,217,615 for dredging of the Monongahela River, Monesson, PA. Burnham Associates Inc. received $9,375,800 for maintenance dredging of Plymouth Harbor, MA. Dubuque Barge & Fleeting Service Co. received $7,475,000 for removal of dredge material from Corps Island, Red Wing, MN. Goodloe Marine received $9,362,765 for Atlantic Intercostal Waterway maintenance dredging, Charleston, SC.

Great Lake Dredge & Dock received $113,167,400 for two new turning basins, widening, dredging and construction for the deepening and strategic widening of the Jacksonville Harbor Federal Channel and turbidity monitoring, endangered species monitoring, vibration monitoring, beach fill quality control, and sea turtle non-capture trawling, Jacksonville, FL. Great Lakes Dredge & Dock received $47,901,600 for channel dredging in Hillsborough County, FL. Norfolk Dredging Co. received $18,076,560 for dredging beach-compatible sand from the sand bypass dredging area north of the Canaveral Harbor Inlet and transporting the dredged material to a designated beach placement site south of the inlet, Cape Canaveral, FL.

Great Lakes Dredge & Dock received $18,868,500 for dredging of Morehead City, Wilmington, Savannah and Brunswick harbors. Great Lakes Dock & Materials received $15,766,428 for debris removal and environmental dredging in the lower Rouge River old channel.

H&L Contracting received $34,705,673 for lateral expansion of Poplar Island in Talbot, MD. HME Construction received $7,097,500 for Grays Harbor inner harbor operations and maintenance dredging, Aberdeen, WA.

Norfolk Dredging Co. received $11,311,500 for maintenance dredging of the Delaware River, Philadelphia.

Manson Construction received $10,133,500 for dredging Galveston Harbor and channel, TX. Orion Marine Construction received $9,221,250 for maintenance dredging of the Sabine-Neches Waterway, TX, and Sabine-Neches in Orange & Jefferson Counties, TX. RLBing Inc. received $15,175,147 to dredge the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, (Corpus Christi Ship Channel to Port Isabel and to Harlingen in Kenedy, Willacy and Cameron Counties, TX). TW LaQuay Marine LLC received $7,459,176 for pipeline dredging of the Matagorda ship channel, Corpus Christi, TX.

Manson Construction received $10,162,000 for Atchafalaya River and Bayous Chene, Boeuf and Black, Atchafalaya Bay and Bar Channel, maintenance dredging, St. Mary Parish, LA. Mike Hooks LLC received $21,052,718 for maintenance dredging in Glemora, LA. Weeks Marine Inc. received $35,545,001 for removal and disposal of material, Plaquemines Parish, LA.


Christian Sorensen is a writer and an independent journalist. His work focuses on the U.S. war industry.

NOTE: The above tally (roughly $68.6 billion) of September 2018 contracts is a conservative estimate. I rounded down all contracts. Furthermore, I did not include certain contracts in the tally that were potentially worth billions, because the Pentagon had not made clear the specific amount of funding obligated. These contracts that I omitted from the total tally are: the 4 September deal with General Atomics for drones worth up to $15 billion; the 6 September deal involving 10 corporations worth up to $28 billion for each corporation; the 7 September DISA deal for IT services worth up to $17.5 billion. Finally, certain contracts like Austal and Lockheed Martin building littoral combat ships did not specify funding amounts, so, naturally they were not included in the total tally.

*Editing consolidated similar contracts. Italics indicate notes from the editor.

**To avoid competitive bidding, DOD invokes 10 U.S.C. 2304, FAR 6.302, and FAR 8.405-6. DOD uses 15 U.S.C. 638 to avoid competitive bidding when dealing with small businesses. DOD uses CFR 206.302-4 to avoid competitive bidding when dealing with treaties and foreign transactions.

Media Roots Radio: Schrödinger’s Super Patriot – The 2001 Anthrax Mystery Part 1

In a deep investigative piece, Abby and Robbie Martin explore the 2001 Anthrax Attacks––what led to them, why they happened, and how the Bush administration used them to manufacture consent for the illegal invasion of Iraq.

Schrödinger’s Super Patriot : 
The 2001 Anthrax Mystery, 
Pt 1 of 2

ABBY MARTIN : 17 years ago, less than one month after the horrific attacks on September 11, 2001, weaponized anthrax was sent through the mail in a biological attack that stunned an already traumatized nation. The first American died from anthrax infection on October 5th. During the weeks that followed, letters sent through the US postal system containing anthrax were targeted at US media organizations and sitting US senators. In the end, five people were left dead–two US postal workers, a Florida photojournalist, a New York city hospital worker and a 95 year old widow in Connecticut. Over 22 people were hospitalized from exposure. Many dozens more tested positive for anthrax in the months that followed.

It was a one-two punch of guttural horror. Americans were already glued to their television sets, watching 24/7 coverage of planes exploding and iconic skyscrapers crumbling. Over and over, we watched thousands perish. But terrorism was still abstract to those removed from the tragedy. The anthrax attacks changed that, localizing the fear of terrorism to everyone––even your grandma living in the suburbs of Connecticut. Anyone could get a letter. Anyone could be the next target.

With the remains of the World Trade Center still smoldering, the Bush administration made several attempts to connect Saddam Hussein to 9/11. The anthrax attacks gave them the perfect opportunity to piggyback ‘weapons of mass destruction’ fears on a very real bioweapons attack. They used willing reporters as instruments to tie nonexistent bentonite from the anthrax letters to Saddam’s nonexistent weapons cache. Journalist stenographers in DC were the conduit for government propaganda, hyping up the threat of terrorism. The anthrax attacks justified the fear-mongering that 9/11 was not simply a one-off incident, and that terrorism was America’s new normal.

Not since the Zodiac killer letters had Americans been subjected to such strange visual threats like the block text in short lines that the anthrax letters read:

“ARE YOU AFRAID?
YOU DIE NEXT
DEATH TO AMERICA
DEATH TO ISRAEL
ALLAH IS  GREAT.”

The letters were almost a parody of an islamic terrorist. But who was actually behind the attack? Who had the expertise necessary to secretly manufacture and then distribute weaponized anthrax spores?  Who had the motive?

In this special episode of Media Roots Radio, after conducting extensive research from public documents, tv news archives, wire stories, first hand interviews and eye witness accounts, myself and Robbie Martin will tell the story of the 2001 anthrax attacks, what preceded them, what happened during the investigation and how this seemingly small event was instrumental in selling the Iraq war, shaping the reality tunnel we live in now. In Part 1 of our investigation, we start with a chronology of the lead up to the attacks and a blow by blow account of how they unfolded.

ROBBIE MARTIN : Our story starts in 1999, during the end of Bill Clinton’s presidency. Rudy Giuliani was the mayor of New York city. At the time Rudy wasn’t yet considered a national hero. Other than a few appearances on Saturday Night Live, his fame didn’t extend beyond city limits. Rudy’s record as mayor of New York was mixed at best. He had an unprecedented 35 successful free speech lawsuits filed against his office and his controversial policies dealing with crime and homelessness heavily polarized the citizens of New York. Rudy still thought very highly of himself, as evident in his weekly AM radio show “Live From City Hall With Rudy Giuliani”. A Parkinson’s patient once called in to complain that the New York City Health Office refused to honor his medicaid, and Rudy infamously responded by mercilessly mocking him his voice with no sympathy live on air.

One of Giuliani’s proudest moments as mayor was on June 8th 1999, when overseeing and unveiling the NY City Office of Emergency Management command bunker on the 23rd floor of World Trade Center building number 7 to the tune of $13 million dollars. Jerome Hauer was made head of the OEM in 1996 when the agency was launched. As director he was not only in charge of the WTC 7 command bunker project–the entire thing was his brainchild. The command center was built heavily fortified with bomb-resistant walls. It had its own air and water supply. The command center’s proximity to the 1993 WTC bombing site was criticized, but the plans moved forward regardless. A few months later, sometime in September of 1999, the Office of Emergency Management scheduled a drill simulating a mass casualty event, as they regularly did. The large-scale live exercise was called “CitySafe”. “CitySafe” simulated an anthrax attack in the Bronx. Volunteers were going to act as anthrax victims. The US Army as also scheduled to participate. The exercise would have cost over $1 million dollars. However, it was canceled by Jerome Hauer, the director of the Office of Emergency Management, due to an outbreak of West Nile virus. The outbreak resulted in 62 cases of acute encephalitis in the New York area, leaving seven dead. The live action bio-terror drill ‘CitySafe” was postponed indefinitely.

For the next few weeks, Giuliani orders acting director Hauer to arrange mass chemical spraying on the ground and in the air around areas hit with West Nile to kill mosquitos. The toxic insecticide they used, Malathion, generates extreme controversy and environmental concerns for years to come. One month later, in early October 1999, the New Yorker publishes an article  titled ‘West Nile Mystery’. The article cites a CIA analyst to allege the West Nile outbreak was potentially the work of Saddam Hussein. Jerome Hauer responds to this suggestion on October 11th in a CBS report saying “Nothing indicates that this was anything other than a natural outbreak.”

Interestingly, one year earlier, Jerome convinced Giuliani to fund studies on a potential West Nile Virus outbreak. His career continued to flourish, even after it was determined his decision to spray New York city caused more health problems than the west nile virus itself.

Hauer eventually left his post as OEM director on February 1st 2000 to work in the private sector for Virginia-based defense contractor, SAIC’s Center for Counterterrorism Technology and Analysis, also serving dual role as its Vice President. A few months later, in October 2000, Hauer takes a job as managing director of Kroll Inc, a multi-faceted private security company described by one journalist as a ‘CIA for wall street’. One of Kroll Inc. security contracts is managing security for the World Trade Center Complex. 

About two years later, on March 20th, 2001, George W. Bush is now president of the united states. The National Enquirer runs a cover story called ‘Bush Daughters WILD LIFE’ showing a photograph depicting Bush’s daughters on the ground, seemingly intoxicated, smoking. The National Enquirer is typically known for publishing stories like ‘Hillary Clinton Has a Brain Tumor’ or ‘Ted Cruz’s Dad Killed Kennedy’, but in this instance the story happened to be entirely true. The National Enquirer at the time was published out of Boca Raton, Florida, owned by American Media Inc. AMI also owns the even more sensationalistic version of The Enquirer and The Sun, published out of the same location.

Mid June, 2001, not far from the offices of the Enquirer, future 9/11 hijackers Ahmed Al Haznawi and Zaid al-Jarrah visited Ft Lauderdale, Florida Holy Cross hospital. Al Haznawi is seen by a doctor for a nasty leg lesion. The doctor is bewildered by the wound and gives Alhaznawai an antibiotic regimen to treat it. He keeps notes of the visit which are later requested by the FBI.

About a week later, to the north east at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. Several former US government officials, including former CIA director James Woolsey, former NY Office of Emergency Management director Jerome Hauer and four US journalists: Judith Miller of the NYtimes, Lester Riengold of NPR, Mary Walsh from CBS News and Jim Miklaszewski, former chief Pentagon correspondent for NBC news, all participated in an elaborate bio-terror attack simulation called Dark Winter, which included dozens of actors and observers being professionally filmed for fake news broadcasts. Jointly put on by the Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the drill simulated a bioterror attack in the form of aerosolized smallpox targeting Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. In the simulation, the smallpox turned into a pandemic, killing millions. The culprit of the attack in this imaginary scenario was Bin Laden’s Al Qaeda network. One of the very last lines of the scripted drill is a fake broadcast reporting ‘there is a very high probability this attack was conducted by either state or a state sponsored international terrorist organization’ and that ‘A prominent Iraqi defector is claiming that Iraq arranged the bioweapons attack on the US through intermediaries’. This drill is later said to have been extremely influential in the thinking of several key Bush officials like Scooter Libby and Dick Cheney. The Dark Winter operation was carried out the two days over June 22 – June 23, 2001.

Fast forward to August 16th, 2001. In Minnesota, FBI agent Harry Samit takes a man named Zacarias Moussaoui into custody. Earlier that day, they were contacted by a flight instructor of  Pan-Am International Flight Academy because of Moussaoui suspicious behavior. Moussaoui wanted to learn only how to take off, not to land. When Samit and other FBI agents examined Moussaoui belongings they became alarmed that he might have terrorist intentions. His belongings included a laptop, two knives, flight manuals for Boeing’s 747 aircraft, a flight simulator computer program, and a computer disk with information about crop dusting. Over the next ten days, FBI agents including Samit and Coleen Rowley sent 70 emails requesting access to search Moussaoui room and laptop.

Later, on August 28th, 2001, the head FBI office responded to the Minnesota branches request. FBI’s national security law unit head, Marion Bowman, nicknamed “Spike” Bowman, delivered the bad news to Rowley. Their request for a warrant was rejected. According to statements later made by Samit and Rowley, they believes if Moussaoui belongings had been searched prior to 9/11, the entire plot could have possibly been unraveled. To this day, Rowley pins the blame on Spike Bowman for preventing it from happening.

Three months after participating in Operation Dark Winter, on September 4th 2001, NY Times reporter Judith Miller co-authors an article on Pentagon plans to develop a more potent version of weaponized anthrax, titled “U.S. Germ Warfare Research Pushes Treaty Limits”. Judith Miller’s main journalistic beat during this period was covering the very secretive US bioweapons program.

Back in Minnesota, on September 10th, 2001, Samit resorts to reporting a potential hijacking to the FAA in an attempt to get a warrant against Moussaoui. In an email he pleads “I am so desperate to get into his computer, I’ll take anything,”

It’s the morning of September 11th 2001, and FEMA teams had already moved equipment into downtown Manhattan the night before to prepare for another bioterror anthrax drill put on by Giuliani’s office of emergency management called ‘Tripod II’. It was scheduled for the 12th, but the horrifying events that took place next put Tripod II on hold, indefinitely.  

ABBY : At 8:46 AM Flight 11 hits the North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan NY. The impact occurs between floors 93 and 99. About 15 minutes later, at 9:03 AM, Flight 175 crashes into the South Tower of the World Trade Center, striking between floors 77 and 85. 30 minutes later, at 9:37 AM, in Arlington County, Virginia, American Airlines Flight 77 hits the Pentagon.

Back in Manhattan, only one hour after being hit by a plane, At 9:59 AM, the south tower collapses. Just minutes later, at 10:03 AM, United Flight 93 crashes in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, killing everyone on board. The plane’s actual destination is unknown. Early reports said it was on the way to Camp David, but the US government say the most likely target was the White House or Capitol Building. Less than two hours after the north tower is hit by a plane, it also collapses. It is 10:28 am.

Jerome Hauer was not in his office in the World Trade Center that day. This gave him, a so-called terrorism expert, the opportunity to appear on TV to provide context for the attacks as they were unfolding.


At 1pm : Hauer appears in the CBS studio with Dan Rather.

Two hours later around 3pm : Hauer appears  on ABC with Peter Jennings. Hauer explains why city government officials, including Rudy Giuliani, abandoned the WTC 7 emergency command bunker during the middle of an ongoing emergency. He says they left because 7 was showing major structural damage.

On the same program, about 20 minutes later, a panelist asks Jerome Hauer what the US Government knew prior to 9/11

With the OEM command center in WTC 7 completely empty, at 5:51pm the entire WTC 7 building collapses.

Around 9pm, in Washington DC, Dick Cheney’s staff is alerted to start taking cipro injections to prevent anthrax by former NY city Office of Emergency Management head, and current Kroll inc director, Jerome Hauer. It is still unknown exactly who in the Bush administration, or on Cheney’s staff, started taking cipro, or for how long they continued to take it.

At 10pm in Florida, Mike Irish, editor in chief for the Sun, wakes up to an alarming phone call from the FBI. They want to speak to his wife Gloria Irish, a real estate agent. They ask her if she rented an apartment to two men in Florida: Marwan Al-Shehhi and Hamza Alghamdi–two of the hijackers who died in the 9/11 attacks. She tells the FBI she recognizes the names and schedules a follow up interview with the FBI.

The next morning, September 12th 2001, Americans are in a deep state of a shock. A neoconservative think-tank called the Project for a New American Century, or PNAC, founded by Bill Kristol and Robert Kagan, already had 17 members planted in top positions of the George W Bush cabinet. Just hours after the deadliest terrorist attack on US soil, they were beginning to spread a particular message. The think-tank would come to serve as a propaganda mechanism to out-hawk the Bush administration itself. On an obscure AM radio program out of DC hosted by Milt Rosenberg, two PNAC members, Don Kagan and his son Fred Kagan, egg on a US military invasion of Afghanistan, Iraq and even Palestine as retaliation for 9/11. Don Kagan ends the interview by asking ‘what would have happened if they had anthrax on that plane?’

Back in NY city, another PNAC member, former CIA director James Woolsey appears on NBC with Peter Jennings. He directly fingers Iraq for being responsible for 9/11. Jennings pushes back and repeatedly asks Woolsey to clarify why he’s blaming Iraq with no evidence.

The next morning, on September 13th: Back in DC, Giuliani, now seen as a heroic figure for his performance on 9/11, speaks to president Bush on a live phone-call from the oval office.

6 days later, on September 19th 2001: Influential neocon Richard Perle, PNAC member, advisor to George W Bush AND member of the Office of Special Planning in the Pentagon, goes on CNN to say conventional means to stop future attacks “won’t be effective” because “the next attack” is likely to be “chemical or biological weapons used in water supplies”  

The next day, on September 20th 2001: President Bush gets a visit from UK prime minister Tony Blair and speaks to the press outlining the importance of America’s commitment to a drawn out ‘war on terror’. Missing was the rhetoric of ‘weapons of mass destruction’ that would later become a household term. Initially the Bush administration’s rhetoric about future terrorism contained no such language.

That same day, Bush appoints Tom Ridge head of a brand new government agency designed to prevent terrorism called the Department of Homeland Security.

ROBBIE : Two days later, on September 22nd 2001: Time Magazine runs a compelling story about how some of the 9/11 hijackers may have attempted to rent crop dusters for a potential attack, but the details are vague. The reports were based on eyewitness testimony of James Lester, who worked at an airstrip in Belle Glade, Florida, as a crop-duster mechanic. He remembered Muhammad Atta specifically and told reporters: “They wanted to know (the) capacity of the airplane, how much would the airplane hold, how much fuel and how to crank it.” He and others at the airfield also describe strange behavior from Muhammad Atta such as Atta trying to climb into the cockpit of a crop duster and start it without permission.  

On the same day, Newsday runs an article about the crop-dusters quoting now defacto TV terrorism expert Jerome Hauer. Hauer says there is a ‘new sense of urgency in Washington DC’ on the bioterrorism issue and intelligence information that “Osama Bin Laden wants to acquire these agents and we know he has links to Saddam and Saddam Hussein has them”

The next day on  September 23rd 2001: CNN reports “Last week, the FBI imposed a ban on crop-dusting but has since modified it to keep crop-dusters away from metropolitan areas.”

Around the same time The National Agricultural Aviation Association posted the following statement, saying it had come from the FBI:

“Members should be vigilant to any suspicious activity relative to the use, training in or acquisition of dangerous chemicals or airborne application of same, including threats, unusual purchases, suspicious behavior by employees or customers and unusual contacts with the public. Members should report any suspicious circumstances or information to local FBI offices.”

On September 24th 2001: ABC and AP start running similar reports, this time with slightly more details, including claims the hijackers may have intended to disperse anthrax with the crop dusters. The articles insinuate that 9/11 was not an isolated event and there could be more attacks coming via different means. Even though the behavior of Muhammad Atta was almost cartoonishly unbelievable, in 2002 an even more ridiculous story comes out involving Atta trying to get a USDA government loan for crop-dusters appeared, seemingly confirming these early reports.

Regardless of the fact that the 9/11 attacks did not actually include chemical or biological weapons, fears of bioterrorism started ramping up in US and in Europe. The next day, on September 25th 2001: Local news channels report on terrified americans stocking up on gas masks and guns.

That same evening on ABC shows footage of health professionals, US military and emergency crews preparing for a future anthrax or smallpox attack. An animation is shown illustrating how fast anthrax would disperse in a NY subway system and how many people it could conceivably kill.

On the morning of September 26th, 2001, the Washington Times publishes an article by Bill Gertz titled “Bin Laden terror group tries to acquire chemical arms”. The article begins by alleging that Al Qaeda was trying to acquire Sarin nerve gas and anthrax,

“Intelligence officials say classified analysis of the types of chemicals and toxins sought by al Qaeda indicate the group probably is trying to produce the nerve agent Sarin, or biological weapons made up of anthrax spores. Sarin can be produced from the components used to make fertilizer and kills by disrupting the central nervous system. Anthrax is a highly lethal biological weapon that causes death after spores are ingested.”

Larry Johnson, a former state dept counterterrorism official is also quoted as saying that Bin Laden’s group had a relationship with the Russian mafia, speculating this as a means as to how Al Qaeda could acquire such weapons.

Fears of terrorism and terrorist attacks weren’t just dominating the US narrative, but the UK narrative as well. That same day, a major drill went underway in England involving a mock bioterror attack. That evening, the BBC runs a program showing footage of the drill with participants wearing hazmat suits. Dr David Claridge, a UK intelligence analyst tries to tamp down the hysteria it might generate.

ABBY : Two days later, on September 28th 2001: 63 year old Bob Stevens enjoys the view from the top of Chimney Rock mountain in North Carolina with his wife Maureen and Daughter Casey. Bob was a veteran photo editor for the Sun, a tabloid publication of American Media Inc in Boca Raton, Florida. Even though he loved his job, he once fancied himself a more serious journalist, and would never have pictured himself working at an outlet that peddled in innuendo and gossip like the Sun. Bob was self aware enough to know the publication he worked for was a textbook tabloid, but still took pleasure in his work. In some regards, he found it liberating to deal with lighter content than his previous beat. In other words, Bob found the job relatively easy, and it left him with enough energy to enjoy his life outside of work. Originally from the UK, Bob lived with his wife Maureen in Lantana, Florida, about a one hour drive from his workplace. Bob and his wife traveled often, and this time they were visiting their daughter Casey. As bob drove home from the beautifully scenic Chimney Rock in the late afternoon, he felt uncharacteristically tired. He was a very physically active guy for his age but sightseeing all day seemed to have taken a toll on his stamina. Bob decided to let his daughter and wife go shopping while he went home to rest.

The next morning, on September 29th, Bob told his wife and daughter to go to church without him. When they return they started their 2 ½ hour trek to meet Casey’s boyfriend. Halfway through the drive, Bob begin to shiver and shake, his face bright red. Casey got spooked by her Dad’s appearance enough to try to take him back home, but he refused. Bob was stubborn.

When they arrived at their destination, Casey’s boyfriend opened the front door. He immediately noticed how sick Bob looked, and after a quick introduction offered him an empty bed to rest on. Bob was getting more weak and feverish by the minute. They all had lunch plans together, but he urged his family to go on without him. When they returned a couple hours later they demanded that Bob go to an emergency room, but he again refused, convinced he got a mild bug from traveling.

After another day of Bob pressing on through family outings, he’s relieved for their journey to be over tomorrow. On October 1st 2001, Bob wake up claiming he is feeling better, but is running a temperature of 101. His wife registers a 102, so she reassures herself maybe they both got the same bug. They decide to make the two hour trek back home. Maureen watches Bob closely throughout the drive, making sure he is hydrated.

Around the same time, an employee who worked for the same company as Bob in the same building, Ernesto Blanco, took himself to Miami’s Cedars Medical Center after becoming extremely ill. Ernesto was a friendly 73 year old mailroom clerk with a head full of black hair. When he finally sees a doctor, they diagnosed him with pneumonia and started to treat it accordingly. However, Ernesto didn’t have pneumonia, he had something America hadn’t seen a documented case of in over 25 years.

Later the same evening, about 60 miles from the hospital Ernesto is being treated, Bob Stevens and his wife Maureen arrive back at their home in Lantana, Florida. Bob goes to bed early around 8pm.

October 2nd, 2001, Maureen awakens at 1AM to the sound of Bob violently vomiting in the master bathroom. She finds him kneeling near the toilet, fully dressed, even though she saw him go to bed in his pajamas. She tries to ask Bob questions about his unusual behavior and  becomes extremely alarmed, when his responses are incoherent and slurred. She decides he needs medical attention immediately and convinces him to go to the emergency room.

Maureen quickly throws on some clothes, carries Bob into the car and drives furiously towards the nearest hospital. She pulls up to the JFK Medical Center emergency room in Atlantis, Florida at around 2AM. Bob is quickly admitted after presenting disorientation, a high fever,  and vomiting, unable to speak.

At around 5AM, with Bob in stable condition, the doctors tell Maureen they think he just has a treatable case of meningitis, and to go home and wait.

When Maureen returns at 8AM, to her horror, Bob is in a coma with a breathing tube. He suffered a seizure in the middle of the night. Maureen waits desperately for the doctors to give her good news.

At 8:30am, infectious diseases specialist Dr Larry Bush, gets a call from ICU.They tell him they have a 63 year old man here with apparent meningitis, but that his his cerebrospinal fluid is cloudy. They explain that they need Dr. Bush to the fluid test under a microscope. Dr. Larry Bush tells the ICU that he’s on his way.

When Dr. Bush arrives to Bob’s room around 10am he sees Maureen distraught sitting by his bedside. He takes Bob’s vitals while he asks her questions about his recent behavior. He hears a crackling sound in Bob’s lungs through his stethoscope, what he believes is caused by an major obstruction. Dr. Bush become even more concerned after fewing the spinal fluid under a microscope. He realizes what he’s looking at is not meningitis at all but something much more rare. The bacteria has a characteristic rod shape to it, something that he’s only seen in medical textbooks before. Something that looks like anthrax bacillus.

ROBBIE : That same morning, stores around the country unveiled a new book called GERMS, co-authored by New York Times reporter Judith Miller. GERMS chronicles the history of biowarfare and also proposes that one of the greatest threats we face is bioterrorism from groups like Al Qaeda, working with countries like Iraq, or even Russia. Miller received special access to senior Bush officials for her book, specifically Scooter Libby, who she portrayed as a heroic genius and misunderstood soothsayer.

Later that afternoon in Maryland, an Egyptian-born EPA scientist and former Ft. Detrick biowarfare researcher, Dr. Ayaad Assaad, gets a surprise phone call from the FBI. He’s requested to appear before them the next day to discuss an anonymous letter from someone claiming to be a former coworker accusing him of being a potential bioterrorist.

The next day, on October 3rd 2001, at JFK hospital, Bob Stevens’ condition is worsening, Maureen continues to sit at his bedside in futility, hoping for a miraculous recovery. Dr. Bush is already convinced Bob has anthrax poisoning but hasn’t told Maureen yet about his findings.

The public has not yet learned about Bob Stevens’ contraction of anthrax. Yet mounting hysteria over the threat of bioterrorism results in a lengthy US senate hearing that same day. The Bush administration sends Health and Human Services director Tommy Thompson, instead of counter-terrorism czar and bioweapons expert Richard Clarke, to answer questions before senators.

During Bush’s first term, Tommy Thompson was widely mocked as the most bumbling member of his cabinet, next to attorney general John Ashcroft. One beltway reporter at the time even described him as a ‘human shield’

It’s the day of the FBI interrogation with Egyptian-born Ft. Detrick Maryland scientist Dr. Ayaad Assaad. During the questioning, they ask him about the anonymous 212 word typed letter they received accusing him of being “a potential biological terrorist” with “a vendetta against the U.S. government, and that if anything happens to him, he told his sons to carry on”. Assad vehemently denies the accusations. The accusatory letter describes Assad’s personal and professional background in detail, seemingly written by someone who knew him well. He is extremely alarmed, and feels he’s being framed for a crime he not only didn’t commit but that hadn’t even happened yet. It must be emphasized here that Robert Stevens having anthrax was at this point, still totally unknown to the public. Satisfied with Assad’s answers, the FBI never speaks to him again. The US press doesn’t pick up on the story until a few months later, when Assad speaks to the press directly about what happened, and how he thinks he was racially discriminated against and framed by a conspiracy of islamophobic co-workers.

ABBY : Back at JFK medical center. On October 4th, 2001 Dr. Larry Bush finally decides to go forward with his anthrax diagnosis, attracting the FBI and CDC. The agencies send units from each field office. The first victim in the anthrax attacks is finally recognized, and Bob Stevens is officially diagnosed with inhalation anthrax poisoning. Maureen’s reaction to the news is sheer confusion. She is completely dumbfounded how Bob even contracted the disease.

The CDC and FBI ask Maureen to take part in a press conference announcing the diagnosis and she reluctantly complies.

Back in Washington DC, the White House press corp suspects the anthrax diagnosis is terrorism related, but Tommy Thompson tries to dissuade their fears. Strange, considering that just one day earlier, Thompson appeared before a senate hearing on bioterrorism. This press conference set the tone for how the Bush administration would continue to act towards the anthrax attacks–they would essentially play dumb.

On October 5th 2001: In Florida, Bob Stevens’ condition deteriorates at an exponential rate and later that day dies from inhalation anthrax in the hospital. Stevens becomes the first documented person in the United States to die of anthrax infection in the last 25 years, and the first casualty in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

Six years later, Maureen Stevens discusses how she pressed on after her husband’s shocking death.

In a continuing contrast to the Bush administration’s rush for attribution of the 9/11 attacks, Health and Human Services director Tommy Thompson tells the press that Stevens’ death is an ‘isolated case’ and that he may have contracted anthrax from ‘livestock’ while ‘visiting a farm’– even though Stevens had done no such thing. Thompson also stresses the death is not terrorism related and that no criminal investigation has started.

Regardless, US Government agencies start consulting with the US military’s Ft. Detrick Maryland bioweapons labs experts to identify the anthrax spores.

On October 6th 2001: Back at the Miami Medical Center, Stevens co-worker, Eddie Blanco, becomes the second confirmed diagnosed case of anthrax exposure. The hospital he’s being treated already began to administer cipro, an aggressive antibiotic treatment. The CDC is notified but refuses to confirm the anthrax diagnosis for two whole months.

The next day on October 7th 2001: FBI and CDC agents descend on American Media Inc.’s property. No hazmat or Quarantine procedures are yet done. For now, US government officials interview employees and swab for contamination. They ask Stevens’ coworkers if they remember anything unusual in the days leading up to his death.

While swabs are being taken to detect anthrax spores around the AMI offices, Anthrax is allegedly found on Robert Stevens’s computer keyboard.

According to law enforcement, once they got a positive result for anthrax and spoke to a few of Stevens’ co-workers they pieced together a likely scenario (they claimed) as to how Stevens contracted the anthrax. Managing editor of the Sun Joe West helped paint the picture with an incredible story, later published in the Enquirer itself (the Enquirer and Sun share the same building and are both owned by AMI). He says a letter arrived three weeks earlier to the office with “Please forward to Jennifer Lopez ℅ The Sun” written on the envelope. Before he even saw the writing, he found the letter suspicious, because it felt bulky. When Joe picked it up out of the pile he could feel a cylindrical object inside of it. He told himself ‘don’t open it’ and threw it in the trash. Recently hired news assistant, Bobby Bender was nearby, and noticed the odd letter. As his daughter happened to be a huge JLo fan, he asked if he could open it. Joe obliged. As Bobby opened it, he describes a cigar tube falling out that contained a real cigar. It was accompanied by an empty tin of chewing tobacco, a small empty detergent carton and a stalker like hand written sexually provocative fan-letter to Jennifer Lopez. Joe decided he has more important things to do so he let Bobby amuse himself with the contents.

As Bobby walked to another area of the Sun offices, 13-year old Photo assistant Roz Suss fills in the gaps with his eye witness account.

“It was a business size sheet of stationary decorated with pink and blue clouds around the edges, it was folded into three sections, and in the middle was a pile of what looked like pink tinged talcum powder. Sticking out of the powder was a little gold something. I couldn’t tell.” Roz said.

“Just then Bob Stevens came walking from his desk , he was obviously curious about it and held out his hands. Bender delicately transferred the letter from his palms to Bob’s hand. Bob walked back to his desk and sat down, holding the letter in his cupped palms over the keyboard of his computer, with his arms bent so his face was right over the powder and just inches away from it”

“He was peering down for several seconds into the letter and the powder and the gold thing sticking out” “I heard him say ‘Gee, it looks like a Jewish star’” “I reached from behind Bob and picked it out of the powder with two fingers. Sure enough, it was a little plastic Star of David with a little loop for a string or chain. I threw it into the trash and walked away” I never did see what Bob did with the letter or the powder, I assume he threw it in the trash.”

The FBI begins to leak information to the press about how Stevens contracted anthrax and why he stuck his face close to a pile of white powder folded inside of a hand written letter by a crazed person. Their explanation was Stevens was nearsighted and would have had to hold the letter up close to read it. As implausible as it may sound, the 13 year old photo assistant’s eyewitness account remains the most comprehensive narrative of Stevens poisoning. Aside from the detection of microscopic anthrax spores in the office, no physical evidence was ever found of the alleged murder weapon––the letter or it’s contents.

Even though the Bush administration’s own neoconservative cabal had been obsessed with the concept of bioterrorism preceding and following 9/11, Bush and the Justice Department kept the CDC in charge of the anthrax investigation, not the FBI. Stevens’ death is still not treated as a criminal investigation.  

Around 3pm the next day on October 8th, 2001, attorney general John Ashcroft emphasizes this decision in a press conference.

“We regard this as an investigation which could become a clear criminal investigation, and we are pursuing this with all the dispatch and care that is appropriate, relying on the expertise of the Centers for Disease Control and health authorities.”

That evening, the US military launches the first wave of military attacks on the sovereign country of Afghanistan using the rationale of rooting out Al Qaeda.

ROBBIE : For unstated reasons the next day, October 9th 2001: the Bush administration finally has the FBI take over the investigation from the CDC. The anthrax attacks officially become a criminal investigation.

While the FBI or Bush cabinet don’t refer to it as a “terrorist incident,” news outlets run wild with speculation anyways, like the ABC news headline from the same day “Anthrax Scare in Florida Has People Rushing for Treatment Wondering if it’s Terrorism Related.”

October 10th 2001, the media starts to report on the hundreds of AMI employees in Florida who are ordered to undergo testing for Anthrax.

Dr. Jean Malecki, director of the Palm Beach County Health Department, signs a quarantine order for the AMI building and closes it down. It’s not until this day, five days after Stevens death, that smaller media outlets like the Miami Herald began to speculate on a possible link between the 9/11 hijackers and the anthrax attacks.

Later that day, the UK and US sign an official agreement to fight bioterrorism, even though the US government is still refusing to call the anthrax attack terrorism. Regardless, it’s on this day that Tommy Thompson is once again trotted out as spokesperson to meet with their UK counterparts. The agreement is called `Collaboration in Improving Public Health Responses to Emergencies’. According to AP, it is a means to “share information and resources to protect the residents of both countries from the threat of bioterrorism.” and that “The pact will ensure the UK and USA’s public health systems “stand together” in protecting the population from acts of bioterrorism.”

That evening, CNN reports on the ongoing anthrax investigation at the AMI building in Florida.

Early the next morning of October 11th 2001: a third employee of the AMI company tests positive for anthrax infection and is sent to a local hospital for treatment. So far, the victims have all been people who worked in the same office building in Boca Raton, Florida. At this point in time, the anthrax attacks appeared to still be an isolated incident, with a single crime scene.

That evening, Bush speaks from the White House about the threat of bioterrorism for the first time, contextualized around the story of the 9/11 hijackers attempting to rent crop dusters. It’s the first time Bush says ‘weapons of mass destruction’ in a speech. With news about anthrax in Florida dominating headlines for a week, it was clear at this point, Bush’s use of the phrase ‘weapons of mass destruction’ was just a metonym for anthrax. On the surface, Bush may have seemed like a bumbling fool, but his neoconservative writers, and policy makers were clever. Utilizing this talking point ‘weapons of mass destruction’ as a metonym for anthrax was a neoconservative no-brainer 

Members of the beltway press were already very aware of the neoconservatives hawks urging Bush to invade Iraq, only one month after 9/11.

Alarmingly, the Bush administration pivoted from crop dusters and anthrax–to weapons of mass destruction–to Iraq and Saddam Hussein.

ABBY : October 12th 2001: Sometime in the afternoon, an innocuous letter addressed to Tom Brokaw is delivered to NBC at the 30 Rock building in New York City. It was opened by a staffer who discovered a fine grain talcum like powder that plumed like smoke, accompanied by a letter that read:

“09-11-01
THIS IS NEXT
TAKE PENICILLIN NOW
DEATH TO AMERICA
DEATH TO ISRAEL
ALLAH IS GREAT”

Before the FBI releases the test results, an NBC employee who came into contact with the letter tests positive for anthrax poisoning. Across town that same day, New York times reporter Judith Miller opens
another letter addressed to her, at her office. The letter contains white powder which she believed to be anthrax, but after FBI testing, it was proven to be inert and not anthrax. Whoever mailed this letter, however, was aware that real anthrax letters had already been sent in the mail, as the NBC letter arrived that same day.

In Ames, Iowa, the university receives a call from the FBI, demanding they destroy their entire Ames strain anthrax database. They comply. Bio-weapons expert Frances Boyle believes he knows who ordered the destruction of the samples, and thinks it was done to cover up the crime.

“Clearly, for the FBI to have authorized this was obstruction of justice, a federal crime,” said Boyle. “That collection should have been preserved and protected as evidence. That’s the DNA, the fingerprints right there.”

Shortly before the destruction of the samples Boyle reached out to a terrorism expert he knew in the FBI, Marion ‘Spike’ Bowman. He wanted to offer his expertise.

“Boyle told Bowman that the only people who would have the capability to carry out the attacks were individuals working on U.S. government anthrax programs with access to a high-level biosafety lab. Boyle gave Bowman a full list of names of scientists, contractors and labs conducting anthrax work for the U.S. government and military.”

“Soon after I informed Bowman of this information, the FBI authorized the destruction of the Ames cultural anthrax database,” the professor said. The Ames strain turned out to be the same strain as the spores used in the attacks.” Boyle directly fingers FBI agent Spike Bowman as the man who he believes is responsible for ordering the destruction of the anthrax database but the FBI and University of Iowa officially claim the database was destroyed as a ‘precaution’ so no other terrorists could use it for future attacks.

That evening back in New York, Tom Brokaw reports soberly from NBC that the person at NBC who contracted anthrax was one of his own staffers.

Even though the media was heavily covering the anthrax attacks, across town at the mayor’s office, Giuliani conducts a press conference saying the attacks are ‘most likely contained’. Apparently, his grandstanding after 9/11 was just the beginning, as this would become the first of dozens of press conferences he would conduct, acting as if he was the authority–not the Governor or FBI.

ROBBIE : The next evening, on October 13th, 2001. Giuliani conducts another press conference telling people not to go to emergency rooms and not to worry about getting checked for anthrax.

Across town, NBC continues to cover the anthrax attacks, as their offices were a direct target.  In retrospect, it’s easy to remember outlets like Fox News or CNN pushing unsubstantiated rumors about Iraq to grease the skids for war, but it was also liberal UK outlets like The Guardian that planted the early seeds for WMD propaganda.

On the morning of October 14, 2001 an article appeared in the Guardian stating:

“American investigators probing anthrax outbreaks in Florida and New York believe they have all the hallmarks of a terrorist attack – and have named Iraq as prime suspect as the source of the deadly spores. Their inquiries are adding to what US hawks say is a growing mass of evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved, possibly indirectly, with the September 11 hijackers. If investigators’ fears are confirmed – and sceptics fear American hawks could be publicising the claim to press their case for strikes against Iraq – the pressure now building among senior Pentagon and White House officials in Washington for an attack may become irresistible.”

The article relies on whispers of “American investigators” without actually naming them, and serves as a shameful example of the wholesale lies and dangerous disinformation reporters repeated, that ultimately resulted in the devastating Iraq war.

Later that day, in DC. An unknown female postal worker at a Brentwood postal facility discovers an envelope filled with white powder in the vicinity of several other people. The incident is reported to management, but the actual letter later vanishes. Fellow employees are understandably apprehensive about news of anthrax laced letters, and await to hear further word from their superiors. At this time, postal workers in the DC area are still not warned to seek Cipro or other antibiotic preventative measures for anthrax.

The same day, the FBI finally makes public their knowledge about Sun editor Mike Irish’s wife Gloria renting a Florida apartment to two of the 9/11 hijackers. When the FBI originally questioned Gloria, the anthrax attacks hadn’t even happened yet. But still, the bizarre link of Gloria’s husband Mike being a long time officemate of Robert Stevens, the first anthrax victim, is written off by the FBI as nothing more than a strange coincidence.

ABBY : The next morning, on October 15th, 2001, another anthrax letter arrives in Washington, DC. At 10:30 AM, a staffer working for Senator Tom Daschle opens a suspicious looking letter that has the return address of: 4th grade // Greendale School // Franklin Park, NJ 08852.

The envelope contains fine grain white powder that appears to float when opened. It is accompanied by a letter that says:

YOU CAN NOT STOP US
WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX
YOU DIE NOW
ARE YOU AFRAID?
DEATH TO AMERICA
DEATH TO ISRAEL
ALLAH IS GREAT ”

A few hours later, Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, accompanied by Capitol Police, stages an impromptu press conference at the Capitol telling reporters an anthrax laced letter was delivered to his office. Lt. Dan Nichols explains that a ‘field test’ was conducted, meaning the test was done on-site, which proved the presence of anthrax. The FBI and CDC get involved immediately and treat the Capitol grounds as a crime scene.

In a “featured article” that morning, a writer for the Wall Street Journal states of the anthrax mailings, (with no evidence whatsoever) that:

“Several circumstantial links to Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda network are already known” and that “Bin Laden couldn’t be doing all this in Afghan caves. The leading supplier suspect has to be Iraq.”

While subtle at first, these whispers continued throughout the press, that somehow Saddam Hussein’s government in Iraq was behind the anthrax attacks.

That day, questions about Gloria Irish’s connection to 9/11 and the anthrax attacks are also raised by the US press. The Washington Post runs the article: ‘Sun Editor’s Wife Found Rentals for two hijackers’ by Jason Blum. In it, FBI spokesperson Judy Orihuela reiterates that her renting an apartment to the hijackers, and her husband’s employment at the AMI building is “just a coincidence right now,” and “I’m sure there will be some sort of follow-up.” While the FBI only questioned Gloria about this, the Washington Post found another connection involving her husband.

“Mike Irish, who, records show, is a licensed airplane pilot, several years ago was a member of the Civil Air Patrol based at a small-plane airport in Lantana, just north of Delray Beach, an official there said. One of the hijackers, Mohamed Atta, reportedly rented a plane at that airport to practice flying for three days in August. Robert Stevens, 63, the Sun photo editor who died of anthrax Oct. 5, also lives in Lantana. But there is no indication whether Irish or Stevens ever crossed paths with Atta.”

Unbeknownst to the American public, that same day, George Bush himself pressures Robert Mueller of the FBI to find a link between the anthrax mailings and Al Qaeda, or other middle eastern groups.

This account was later published in the Daily Mail in 2008. Across the globe, hysteria about bioterrorism leads to real consequences, like in France who experienced their own anthrax scare. Or in Australia, when they had to evacuate an airport after recieving what was later determined to be an anthrax hoax letter.

ROBBIE : October 16th, 2001, in the morning. The seven-month-old son of an ABC freelance producer tests positive for anthrax poisoning. The baby developed a rash after soon visiting the network’s New York office on Sept. 28, weeks before the anthrax laced letter arrived at NBC. The source of the actual infection is undetermined.

In Washington DC, four postal workers who work together at Brentwood begin to fall ill, but none of the men communicate with each other about their early symptoms. They are: Leroy Richmond 56, Qieth McQue 53, Thomas Morris Jr 55, Joseph Curseen 47.

The same day, the media reports more than 50 anthrax scares around Australia, and the American consulate was sent a hoax letter. Additionally a UK mail sorting office was evacuated for white powder, suspected to be anthrax.

The panic about anthrax became global. Back in New York, Giuliani continues to gloat.

The same day, across the world in Qatar, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference is being held, attended by many middle eastern leaders, including Iraq’s foreign minister, Naji Sabri Ahmed. When asked to respond to allegations that the Iraqi government is behind the anthrax mailings in the US,  he says their claim is ‘bullshit’.

ABBY : October 17th 2001: AMI employees are ordered to go through a second round of anthrax tests. That afternoon, Florida Governor Jeb Bush gives a press conference, warning people not to send hoax letters.

AP Reports come in that the anthrax letters were sent through a New Jersey post office. This was only referring to the 2 letters found so far to NBC and Tom Daschle, now in FBI possession.  

Later that day, anthrax is allegedly found at New York governor George Pataki’s office.

Back in DC, it is determined that over 36 senate staffers test positive for anthrax (3 staffers of Russ Feingold and 31 of Tom Daschle’s). Capitol employees also test positive.

Besides having adjoining offices, Daschle and Feingold shared something else in common. Both men were standing in the way of the USA Patriot Act from quickly passing in the Senate. Feingold was a staunch civil libertarian and the Patriot ACT offended his core sensibilities, whereas Daschle was more centrist, and was merely trying to put the brakes on it so Congress had time to debate the bill. Together with Leahey, Daschle was embroiled in sometimes heated discussions with Dick Cheney and Attorney General John Ashcroft about the legislation. The White House and Justice Department were pressuring Leahey and Daschle for it to pass with essentially no debate.

While tensions mount in the US, the same day, another anthrax scare happens thousands of miles away.

The AP reports “An anthrax scare in Israel on Wednesday prompted the evacuation of its parliament building, the Knesset…The Israeli opposition leader and a fellow colleague received letters containing an unidentified white powder…Both Knesset members, accompanied by their assistants, were immediately taken to hospital, where they were treated for possible anthrax infection.”

In Japan, a letter containing white powder suspected to be anthrax arrives at a US consulate in Osaka, local media also reports that a letter containing white powder was also sent to some TV stations, a military headquarters building and to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s office.

ROBBIE : On Oct. 18, 2001: A CBS employee and a New Jersey postal worker tests positive for anthrax poisoning. Rudy Giuliani comments about the the CBS news employee’s anthrax infection.

Across town Dan Rather comments on the anthrax situation at CBS. A letter is not found, but the FBI confirms that anthrax spores are detected in his office.

All over the globe, bioterror hysteria continues, spreading to Kenya and China.

AP Reports that “The Kenyan Health Ministry says white powder in a letter mailed from the United States to a Kenyan businessman has tested positive for anthrax spores.”

“The Chinese Foreign Affairs spokesman did not say which city the suspicious letters were sent to or which U-S company received the mail. But he did say that the suspicious materials were contained in Falun Gong propaganda files.”

Mid afternoon, back in DC, FBI director Robert Mueller, Homeland Security director Tom Ridge and attorney general John Ashcroft discuss the current state of the anthrax investigation, which they now describe as terrorism.

After the press conference, a specialized alarm that detects chemical and biological agents went off in the oval office, according to a book by Jane Mayer. Cheney believes he is infected with anthrax, and that this was a direct assassination attempt on his life. This incident has not been confirmed outside of Mayer’s book ‘The Dark Side’.

Perhaps the most pernicious piece of Iraq war propaganda was uttered by Senator John McCain on the Late Show with David Letterman, when discussing the Bush administration’s response to 9/11. After telling Letterman the ‘second stage might be Iraq’, McCain continued unprompted: “There is some indication, and I don’t have the conclusions, but some of this anthrax may — and I emphasize may — have come from Iraq.” The American public was never privy to who was the source of this innuendo, but by all accounts, the information was being seeded into the public consciousness by somebody who had a bone to pick with Iraq.

ABBY : The next day, on October 19th, 2001: The third anthrax laced letter arrives at the New York Post. It had no return address. The contents of the letter read: 

“09-11-01
THIS IS NEXT
TAKE PENICILLIN NOW
DEATH TO AMERICA
DEATH TO ISRAEL
ALLAH IS GREAT ”

Luckily for employees, there were no known infections among them. Unlike ABC, NBC, the Capitol and Senate building, whatever damage was done by opening this particular letter appeared undetectable. Was the anthrax in this letter the same ‘weaponized’ form found in the others?

The New York Post, like the Weekly Standard and Wall Street Journal, employed several PNAC members as writers. All three outlets would continue to put out disinformation linking Saddam Hussein and Iraq to the ongoing anthrax mailings.

Leroy Richmond, is the first of the four Brentwood postal workers with symptoms serious enough to seek medical attention. Later that day he checks into a hospital, accompanied by his wife Susan, in Woodbridge, Virginia. His condition alarmed the intern on staff, specifically the pain he felt on the back of his neck, and he’s told to go to the nearest emergency room. Susan books it down Route 295 and arrives at Inova Fairfax Hospital. After sitting in the waiting room for over four hours, Dr. Cecile Murphy appeared. After a quick examination, Murphy didn’t notice any obvious symptoms, but Richmond stressed he ‘knew his body’ and that something was wrong. Richmond’s workplace, the Brentwood post office, came up in discussion. Dr. Murphy had heard about the anthrax letters in the news, but the possibility him being infected didn’t seriously cross her mind. Since the x-ray didn’t show anything noteworthy, she orders a CAT scan of his chest. As Murphy runs more tests, Richmond’s condition worsens. He is developing a fever. After she finds blood in his urine, Dr. Murphy has a hunch. She starts giving Richmond intravenous Cipro. Her quick thinking and intuition saved Richmond’s life. That evening, the CAT scan confirms her worst fears, blood in the lymph nodes. She relays the bad news “Mr. Richmond, your CT shows swollen lymph nodes in your chest, that could mean anthrax.”

However, US postal workers haven’t been told to start taking Cipro, even after AP runs story alleging that Americans are frantically going to Mexico to buy Cipro over the counter, out of fear of anthrax infection.

Around this time, the CDC releases a video called “A Clinician’s guide to Anthrax” featuring CGI graphics, synthesizer music, and a panel of CDC experts discussing what to do in case of emergency or exposure.

That evening, Diane Sawyer reports the US government is preparing the public for potential biological or anthrax attacks, and has a guest demonstrate how to wear protective gloves while opening the mail.

ROBBIE : Early in the AM on October 20th, 2001: at 1AM, Leroy Richmond is admitted to the intensive care unit of Fairfax hospital.

A few hours later, back in DC, anthrax is detected in the Congressional mailroom during a sweep. The full extent of how far the anthrax spread from the Daschle letter wasn’t known yet, but at this point it was clear anthrax might have spread to multiple unforeseen locations. There was virtually no way to know when and where it would show up next.

At this point, it is clear the Bush administration is using the attacks to its full advantage. George W. Bush releases an entire radio address about the anthrax mailings the same morning, tying them to the 9/11 attacks.

Later that afternoon, to his surprise, Leroy Richmond is officially diagnosed with anthrax. Until he strongly believed he just had pneumonia.

Around 3pm, Richmond’s co-worker Qieth McQue admits himself to the same Kaiser hospital as LeRoy. When McQue answers ‘Brentwood’ after a series of questions, he is immediately seen. Dr. Susan Matcha already happened to be treating Leroy, the other postal worker anthrax victim. Because of her immediate suspicious she puts McQue on intravenous Cipro treatments but doesn’t yet tell him she thinks he has anthrax infection.

In Clinton, Maryland, another Brentwood postal worker, Joseph Curseen Jr and his wife Celeste are attending evening mass at St. John’s Evangelist Catholic Church. Joseph collapses during the procession.


ABBY : Early the next morning, on October 21st 2001: Brentwood postal worker Qieth McQue gets a visit from Dr. Susan Matcha with shocking news.

“Do you know what anthrax is” she asks.

“Hell no” he answered.

“Do you want to hear the good news first, or the bad news?”

“Let me hear the bad news first” he said

“You have inhaled anthrax spores. It’s a fatal disease. But we think we got it in time”

It is now being widely reported that two Brentwood postal workers are infected with anthrax, but their names have not been disclosed. Even though the Bush administration was warned to start taking Cipro as early as 9/11/2001, postal workers were still not given a warning to get on Cipro by management or any government agency.

It is now that we arrive at the tragic tale of Thomas Morris Jr, the fourth postal worker to get sick in this story. Morris Jr wakes up the same morning feeling very ill, finding it difficult to breathe. Having already visited a doctor suspecting anthrax infection two days prior, Morris put the timeline together in his head–how he got it, when, and where. His breathing becomes so shallow he calls 9-11 at around 2pm.

Morris arrives at Greater South Hospital in Washington, DC at around 3pm. Less than six hours later, at 8:45pm, he is declared dead. 55 year old Thomas Morris Jr. officially becomes the third anthrax fatality in the string of deadly attacks.

AP reports that Postal workers at the Brentwood facility are now ordered to be tested for anthrax exposure.

Not far away in Maryland, Joseph Curseen, was feeling even worse than he did the night before after fainting at church— tired, nauseated, and perspiring beads of sweat his wife Celeste described were “as big as half dollars.” She drives him to the hospital but doctors reassure him he’s only suffering from dehydration and gastrointestinal problems and he is sent home.

That evening, echoing statements by John McCain, Senator Joe Lieberman, on Meet the Press says “The stuff that is being sent out, most of it, including the stuff that went to Tom Daschle’s office, is significantly refined anthrax… So it says to me that there’s either a significant amount of money behind this, or this is state-sponsored, or this is stuff that was stolen from the former Soviet program.”

The subtext was that Iraq or Al Qaeda, or possibly the two working together, were behind the anthrax mailings.

ROBBIE : October 22nd, 2001: Around 9am, Celeste Curseen, the wife of Brentwood postal worker Joseph Curseen, calls 9-11 from their home in Clinton, Maryland. She explains to the operator that just a day earlier she took her husband to the hospital, but doctors brushed off his symptoms. Things have gotten much worse since.

The 9-11 transcript is as follows:  

“He’s breathing just constantly. He’s got asthma, and he’s just constantly breathing hard and fast.” Celeste said.

“How long was it that he, um—?” the operator asked.

“I don’t know. I fell asleep. I was asleep and I just looked up and he was laying out in the bathroom there.”

“Is he able to talk to you normally?”

“No. He’s breathing so hard. Sometimes he won’t say anything for a period of time. But yes, he’s talking.”

“OK. Is he able to, say, talk in a complete sentence?”

“No, he’s just been answering my questions.”

Celeste practically drags Joseph to the car and takes him back to the hospital. Once they arrive, Dr. Venkat Mani, the hospital’s head of infectious diseases, asks to look at Joseph’s test results. Once he looks at Curseen’s blood under a microscope he immediately knows it’s late stage anthrax infection, with low chance of recovery. Dr. Venkat was later quoted as saying:

“There were so many organisms on the smear, that we could directly see it. When you have a person with blood infection, and you see the bacteria on the blood smear, the patient will almost never survive. By that stage the bacteria [are] winning the battle.”

Six hours after being brought to the hospital, 47 year old Joseph Curseen Jr, is the second postal worker from Brentwood in DC to die from inhalation anthrax. The anthrax attacks have now claimed their third victim.

On the morning of October 23rd, 2001: Tariq Aziz, Deputy Iraqi Prime Minister sits down for an interview with AP and staunchly denies Iraq having any ties to the anthrax attacks.

Back in DC, anthrax is reportedly found in the White House mail system, not in the White House itself but at an off-site location.

Later in Miami, Florida, Ernesto Blanco, the first anthrax victim to be treated, finally recovers and leaves the hospital. His family leaves angry and confused that the CDC refused to diagnose him with anthrax while he was fighting for his life. Blanco’s family suspects the government has political reasons for keeping his diagnosis secret.

That evening from the White House, Bush makes a vague statement seemingly linking 9/11 with anthrax, and Al Qaeda to the attacks.

At an event the next morning, on October 24th, 2001, Robert Mueller and the US postal chief speak on the anthrax attacks. Mueller, ultimately in charge of the FBI investigation, stresses it’s too early to draw any conclusions.

A little later, a few miles away at the White House, Ari Fleischer says the FBI is now focusing on labs around the US, but doesn’t mention whether they are government or private facilities.

Later that afternoon, in Glen Burnie, Maryland, Bush brings up the anthrax attacks during a walking tour of a Packaging factory.

AP reports “Referring to the recent mailings of anthrax, Bush said the September 11th attack launched on the US is still continuing.”

Bush again implies the anthrax mailings are the second stage of the 9/11 attacks. That evening, the controversial 342 page long USA Patriot act passes the House.

ABBY : The next morning, on October 25, 2001: A Guardian editorial by Matthew Engel comments on the schizophrenic attitude of the Bush administration in regards to the anthrax attacks. 

Engel says: “Those in charge have compounded the problems by sending out confused messages. Was the anthrax weapons-grade or not? Should Americans be alarmed or relaxed? Has President Bush himself been tested? The signals keep changing. Mr Thompson suggested early on that Bob Stevens, the first anthrax victim, might have drunk from an infected stream.”

Later in the afternoon, David Hose, who works at the State Department mail annex in Sterling, Virginia, is hospitalized with anthrax infection.

The same evening, Homeland Security head Tom Ridge lets the public know some important, but revealing details about the attacks, by describing to the press that the anthrax spores found in Tom Daschle’s letter were breathable AKA weaponized. This is an indication that a government with a sophisticated bioweapons program produced the material. It is at this point that the FBI knows internally that the anthrax strain found in the letters is the US-made Ames strain. Yet Tom Ridge, Mueller and Bush continue to act coy about its origins.  

Across town, the USA PATRIOT passes the Senate. The only senator to cast a no-vote was Russ Feingold. While he was not directly targeted with anthrax with a letter, his staffers did get infected.

October 26th, 2001: After very little protest, the infamous Patriot Act is signed into law by President Bush after being rushed through the house and senate, while the senate building is closed for decontamination. Lahey and Daschle were the most vocal Senators asking for more time to deliberate the bill. In a strange twist, those who stood in the way of a quick passage of the patriot act were directly targeted with anthrax letters, less than two weeks apart. Whoever sent them intended for them to arrive at the same time, but the letter sent to Leahey got lost in the mail, rerouted and delayed.

There was virtually no press coverage of the inner conflict preventing the fast track of the Patriot Act, so if it was a suspected motivation behind the targeting of senators, the killer likely didn’t hear about it on the news.

Upon signing the Patriot Act, George W. Bush said: “Current statues deal more severely with drug traffickers than terrorists. That changes today. We are enacting new and harsh penalties for biological weapons.”

Bush also mentions how the two postal workers who died were heros who served in the line of duty, yet his administration, nor the CDC, did not instructed postal workers to take Cipro when it could have saved their lives.

ROBBIE : That same day, another anthrax scare hits a US government facility, this time at the CIA. AP reports that: “Trace amounts of the bacteria were found in a mailroom at the headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency.

A CIA official, who did not wish to be identified, said the amount of anthrax detected was “medically insignificant”, but added that the main CIA building would be closed on Friday for further testing.”

While anthrax hysteria continues to build, a story in the Telegraph from the same day slips through the cracks. Former CIA director and PNAC member James Woolsey is reported to be working for Paul Wolfowitz as a ‘private citizen’

The Telegraph says: “James Woolsey, a former director of the CIA, ambassador and Pentagon official who now describes himself as a ‘private citizen’, is the man entrusted with investigating Iraqi involvement in the September 11 attacks and anthrax outbreaks.”

“Administration sources have said his trip was funded and approved by Paul Wolfowitz, the deputy defence secretary. Such is the sensitivity of the Iraq issue, Mr Woolsey will make no comment about the exact nature of his brief. He told The Telegraph: ‘I was in London and that’s it.”

That evening, ABC runs the first of several programs alleging several high-placed sources at Fort Detrick, Maryland and elsewhere have told them the anthrax samples contained bentonite. ABC’s Brian Ross claims this implicates Saddam Hussein’s biological warfare program, as bentonite is allegedly a trademark of their anthrax manufacturing process. ABC continues running these reports for the next three days, until October 29th.

The next morning of October 27th 2001: then-freshman congressman, now-vice president Mike Pence, who once hosted an AM talk show describing himself as ‘Rush Limbaugh on decaf’ conducts a press conference outside the Capitol proclaiming revenge and biblical style justice to whoever conducted the anthrax attacks. His family–with news cameras in tow–gets tested for anthrax at the hospital after it is allegedly found in his office.

No news outlets questioned his grandstanding or odd performance of going to the hospital with his family, and unlike senators Daschle and Leahy in their press appearances, Mike Pence alluded to to the anthrax letters being connected to the larger ‘war on terror.’

Across town from Pence’s strange press conference, there is a funeral service being held for Joseph Curseen Jr, the second Brentwood postal worker to die from anthrax. A caravan of USPS trucks follow the funeral procession.

The next morning October 28th, 2001. At a press conference, seemingly anticipating something akin to a pandemic, a US federal health official says the government could have enough anthrax vaccines for everyone in the country, within 6 to 12 months.

The Weekly Standard, founded by PNAC neocon Bill Kristol, publish two editorials pushing for the Iraq war the next day, October 29th. One of them is written by Bill Kristol & Robert Kagan called ‘The Gathering Storm’. It links Saddam Hussein to not just the 9/11 attacks, but also to the anthrax mailings. Another editorial written by PNAC director Gary Schmitt, is titled ‘Why Iraq?’ It also attempts to link Saddam to the attacks. Even though there was absolutely no evidence linking the two, Kristol’s Weekly Standard made this a recurring theme for months to come.

ABBY : In New York City, a 61-year-old Vietnamese hospital employee named Kathy Nguyen suddenly started to feel short of breath. She ran into her landlord Dave Cruz, in the courtyard of their Bronx apartment. She was frantic. “It hurts to breathe”, she gasped. He immediately drove her to the hospital she worked at. Before she left, she tried to pay him in advance for rent “in case the hospital stay was long”. That’s just the kind of person she was. She stayed under intensive care for the next 48 hours, with her symptoms steadily worsening. Still, no one considered anthrax as the possible cause.

While Kathy lie in a New York hospital bed, under a cloak of secrecy in DC, Vice President Dick Cheney whisks himself away to a “secure and undisclosed location”. Some journalists at the time deduced he was taken to a secure bunker from the Truman or Eisenhower era, although to this day, nobody knows for sure. Cheney later discussed taking these precautions but didn’t explain why. It was only in Jane Mayer’s book that describes the smoke alarm incident as a possible assassination attempt with anthrax. It was a crucial and defining moment of the Bush presidency, as we’ll come to find out later.

In a different area of DC, what’s known as ‘think tank row’, Bush official and PNAC signatory  Richard Perle, shares a panel with fellow PNACers James Woolsey and Michael Ledeen along with republicans Newt Gingrich and Israeli Knesset member, Anatoly “Natan” Sharansky. During the talk, they express excitement at the prospects of attacking Iraq over non existent evidence Saddam had a hand in 9/11 or the anthrax attacks. It’s such an egregious display, an audience member during the Q & A exclaims the anthrax attacks are so suspicious and convenient for the neocon war agenda, that he suspects they were actually carried out by a right wing neocon. He storms out in anger while Woolsey mutters that the man is probably part of a Lyndon LaRouche group.

Later that evening, NBC discusses the weaponized nature of the anthrax and reports that the Supreme Court is also being tested for anthrax, so the judges are trying cases in an alternate location.

October 30th, 2001: A month and a half after Pentagon OSP advisor Richard Perle said claimed terrorists would target water supplies, the White House officially warns bioterrorists could target US food supplies.

In an shocking display of self aggrandizement and fame whorism, Rudy Giuliani stages yet another press conference to discuss the ongoing anthrax attacks. He breaks the news of Kathy Nguyen testing positive for anthrax. At this point, the media doesn’t refer to her by name.

Published that day, AMI’s publication the National Enquirer, runs an entire print issue about the anthrax attacks, with a specific focus on their own headquarters being a target. The paper also points out the alarming ‘coincidence’ of Gloria Irish, wife of Sun editor Mike Iris, not only renting an apartment to two of the hijackers, but spending up to a week showing them property leading up the 9/11 attacks.

After two days of Kathy Nguyen being hospitalized, doctors finally suspect anthrax. But it was too late. Her lungs collapsed on the morning of October 31, 2001. Kathy’s friends remember her as a “classy lady” with impeccable style and a meticulous apartment. Despite living alone, Kathy maintained close relationships with her neighbors, who she often cooked for. Nguyen was also a dedicated public servant who worked at an ear, nose and throat hospital. Her only son died in a car crash eight years prior to Kathy’s death. The FBI has speculated that she must have come in contact with mail contaminated at one of the various mail sorting facilities that processed one of the anthrax letters, but It is still unknown exactly how she came into contact with anthrax spores. As we come to find out later, many of the specific anthrax incidents when taken individually were left unexplained even by the final conclusions of the investigation. No letters were ever found in the AMI building, ABC News, or CBS News, so where did that anthrax come from?

That same day President Bush explains why he issued a new terror alert.

ROBBIE : During this time, Cheney was making interrogation AKA torture policy in a secret bunker largely separated from the rest of the White House staff, including the president. From an article written by Mark Mooney for ABC in 2008 : “Cheney and other Cabinet members took turns hunkering down in one of several cold war era bunkers built to survive a nuclear attack. The bunkers, deep underground, were crammed with communications gear and Cheney would stay in what was dubbed the “The Commander in Chief’s Suite,” Mayer writes.

When the vice president wasn’t in the bunker, Mayer claims that “a sense of constant danger followed Cheney everywhere.” The route was altered daily during the veep’s commute to his above-ground office. On the back seat next to him would be a duffel bag stuffed with a gas mask and biochemical survival suit. And a doctor nearly always traveled with him, “The Dark Side” claims. The book suggests the shock of 9/11, coupled with his anthrax scare, changed Cheney, and made him an overpowering force in the administration arguing for significantly tougher interrogation tactics.

On CSPAN, PNAC co-founder Robert Kagan comments on Dick Cheney’s disappearance being ‘odd’ and again fear mongers about Iraq being linked to the 9/11 and anthrax attacks.

Nov 3rd, 2001: In the morning, President Bush says the anthrax letters represent a “second wave of terrorism” in a national radio address.

Saturday Night Live with Darrell Hammond airs a strange and offensive sketch mocking Dan Rather for having an employee of his test positive for anthrax.

Three days later, on Nov 6th, 2001: Bush says in a speech from the White House:

“The people of my Nation are now fighting this war at home. We face a second wave of terrorist attacks in the form of deadly anthrax that has been sent through the U.S. mail. Our people are responding to this new threat with alertness and calm. Our Government is responding to treat the sick, provide antibiotics to those who have been exposed, and track down the guilty, whether abroad or at home.”

The next day on Nov. 7, 2001: Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge dismisses bentonite as a binding agent for the anthrax in the Daschle letter. He says the ingredient is actually silicon. This statement contradicts the leaks put out by anonymous US government officials to outlets like ABC claiming there was bentonite found in the anthrax, which was a trademark of Saddam Hussein.

Later that day, AP reports that post offices around the country close due to anthrax fears and and that postal employees continue to be tested.

Two days later on Nov 9th 2001: Qieth McQue, another Brentwood postal worker infected with anthrax is finally told he’s well enough to go home.

Five days after that, on Nov 14th, 2001: After spending 27 days in excruciating agony with his lungs swollen and filled with over two quarts of fluid, Brentwood postal worker Leroy Richmond’s condition has drastically improved, and he’s finally discharged from the hospital.

Two days later, on November 16 2001: The fourth anthrax letter is finally discovered. A letter addressed to Senator Patrick Leahy is found in the impounded mail at the State Department in Sterling, Virginia. It is allegedly lost, having supposed to arrive at the same time as the Daschle letter (based on the postmark). Upon arrival, the letter looks suspicious to staffers, who report it to capitol police. This would be the final anthrax letter discovered. All appearing to be written with the same handwriting, making similar statements.

The letter addressed to Patrick Leahy had the same return address as that sent to Daschle: 4th grade // Greendale School // Franklin Park, NJ

The contents of the letter read:

“YOU CAN NOT STOP US
WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX
YOU DIE NOW
ARE YOU AFRAID?
DEATH TO AMERICA
DEATH TO ISRAEL
ALLAH IS GREAT!”

ABBY : In Oxford, Connecticut, about 10 miles south of Waterbury, 94 year old Ottilie Lundgren, was being visited by her niece Shirley. Lundgren’s husband died 25 years earlier and Ottilie lived alone since. Shirley visited her regularly, but on this particular visit she was worried about her aunt, who was being stubborn about seeing a doctor while clearly sick. Ottilie finally relented, and Shirley drove her to Griffin hospital in nearby Derby.

When she arrived, doctors didn’t feel her condition was alarming, because she only exhibited signs of a low-grade fever, and dehydration. But due to her age, they let her stay. While there Ottilie laughed and joked with the doctors and staff, seemingly in good spirits. Initial blood and urine tests suggested a typical urinary tract infection.

The next morning on Nov 17th 2001: at Griffin hospital in Derby, Connecticut, Dr. Lydia Barakat, one of the hospital’s infectious disease specialists assessed a bacteria culture test from 94 year old Lundgren. She thought it was a clostridium bacteria, not uncommon in elderly people. She ordered Lundgren on oral Cipro and intravenous amp-ic-illin. Still a nagging sense that what Barakat noticed under the microscope, rod like formations consistent with anthrax, stuck in the back of her mind. On a hunch she decided to ask Lundgren if she received any mail or letters with powder in it. But she said no, and the theory was put to rest.

That same day AP distributes video packages about the Leahy Anthrax letter intercutting footage of Bin Laden and Al Qaeda with closeups of microscopic anthrax and hazmat teams cleaning up contaminated sites. Even though there is no evidence connecting Al Qaeda to the anthrax attacks, this edited together footage is reused by hundreds of news agencies around the country.

Only 24 hours later on Nov 18th 2001: 94-year old Ottilie Lundgren is lying in a hospital bed feeling short of breath. Chest x-rays and other tests show possible fluid buildup in her lungs.

The next day Nov 19th 2001: PNAC director and Bush’s UN ambassador, John Bolton, goes to the 5th Biological Weapons Convention RevCon Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland and says in a speech:

“Beyond Al-Qaeda the most serious concern is Iraq. Iraq’s biological weapons program remains a serious threat to international security.”

“The United States believes that North Korea has a dedicated national effort to achieve a BW capability and that it has developed and produced and may have weaponized BW agents in violation of the convention.”

Back in Connecticut, more tests are run on Lundgren. Dr. Barakat now knows for sure it’s a form of bacillus. With the help of Dr. Howard Quentzel, who was part of the team that treated Kathy Nyugen two weeks earlier, tries to prove that what they’re actually looking at is anthrax. They are still hesitant to go public with their findings, thinking to themselves ‘how could an old woman in connecticut, who lives by herself, get infected with anthrax?’

Regardless, they move forward with their findings the next day, on Nov 20th, 2001: and Lundgren is officially diagnosed with anthrax.

Sadly, the doctors were too late. On Nov. 21, 2001: 94 year old Ottilie Lundgren becomes the fifth person to die from inhalation anthrax.

Two days later, on Nov 23rd, 2001: The investigation into her death begins.

This brings us to the end of Part 1 of Schrodinger’s Super Patriot: The 2001 Anthrax Mystery. Stay tuned for Part 2 of our investigative podcast. 

Produced/Mixed/Edited/Created by: Robbie Martin
Written by: Robbie & Abby Martin
Script Edits & Revisions by: Abby Martin

Music by: Fluorescent Grey

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